Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

Abdominal pain is a symptom that is best left unattended. The cause of such pain can be any organ of the abdominal cavity. We figured out when to worry and run to the doctor.

This type of pain is most often associated with problems in the intestines and genitourinary system.

Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

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Flatulence or bloating is the result of an accumulation of gas in the intestines. Such a body reaction may be a symptom of indigestion or irritable bowel syndrome. But most often this is a normal option: every time with food, water or even saliva, a little air enters the digestive system, which accumulates during the day. Plus, gases are formed due to some types of food: carbonated drinks, kvass, beer. If the body fails to release such gas, this leads to abdominal pain and bloating.

To solve the problem with flatulence, in most cases it is enough to change the diet.

Intestinal flu is a disease that is caused by a virus or bacterium. They enter the digestive system along with food or water. Symptoms of the disease:

  • sore throat - this respiratory symptom appears first, after which symptoms of gastrointestinal upset occur;
  • pain in the lower abdomen;
  • diarrhea ;
  • sometimes vomiting;
  • temperature to 39.

Intestinal flu does not require medication - just control the temperature and drink plenty of fluids.

Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

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If you experience abdominal pain and related symptoms in total persist for more than three months per year, IBS is the most likely diagnosis. This disease is associated not only with nutrition, but also with

mental state

. Symptoms of IBS:

  • pain and colic in the lower abdomen;
  • flatulence;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • bloating.

Most often, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are attributed to IBD.

These are chronic diseases that cannot yet be completely cured, but incomplete remission can be achieved. Symptoms of IBD:

  • cramping pains in the lower abdomen;
  • bloating;
  • diarrhea;
  • blood in the stool is a sign of intestinal perforation (through damage to the wall of the large intestine, in which the contents of the organ enter the abdominal cavity). T requires immediate medical attention;
  • pain in large joints.

Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

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Infection can affect both the upper and lower urinary tract.

In the first case, inflammation passes in the kidneys - this disease is called pyelonephritis. In the second case, the affected area is the urethra (urethritis) or the bladder (cystitis). Here are the symptoms you need to see a doctor:

  • pain and burning sensation when urinating;
  • pain in the lower abdomen or in the lumbar region with pyelonephritis;
  • temperature 37-38;
  • frequent urination;
  • change in color of urine .

Abdominal pain during menstruation is common. But it also happens that similar pain is a signal of serious problems, for example,



uterine fibroids


Here are the symptoms that say you need to see a doctor:

  • pain persists throughout the cycle;
  • painkillers do not help;
  • the pain intensifies;
  • you are over 25 years old and the first time you experience pain during menstruation.

If you If you feel a sharp pain in a certain part of the abdomen, you should call your doctor or call an ambulance. This is a symptom of serious illness that may require surgery.

Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

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With an exacerbation of an ulcer or perforation of the stomach, the pain is localized in the epigastrium.

This area of ​​the abdomen is called the solar plexus - the accumulation of nerve fibers, so pain can give off to other parts of the abdomen and back. In addition to localized pain, there are other symptoms of an ulcer exacerbation:

  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • heaviness in the stomach;
  • bloating.

If vomiting is like coffee grounds, this means that blood has got into the stomach and you need to immediately call a doctor. Blood in the stool and vomiting is a symptom of perforation of the stomach.

Appendicitis - inflammation of the appendix of the cecum (appendix).

Symptoms of this disease:

  • sharp pain in the umbilical region or epigastrium, which then moves to the right lower abdomen;
  • nausea;
  • vomiting ;
  • temperature 37-38.

Why the stomach hurts: 10 main reasons

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Acute cholecystitis - inflammation of the gallbladder. This condition occurs as a result of bacterial infection of bile, due to which the bile ducts narrow. Another cause of acute cholecystitis is gallstone disease.

In this case, the stone enters the cystic bile duct and prevents the excretion of bile, which then thickens.

Symptoms of acute cholecystitis:

  • biliary colic - a sharp pain in the right hypochondrium, which can radiate under the right scapula;
  • temperature 37-38;
  • vomiting;
  • excessive sweating.

Kidney stones do not cause discomfort. Acute pain occurs when stones enter the ureter and clog it. Symptoms of urolithiasis:

  • renal colic - a sharp severe pain that first occurs in the side, lower back or in the region of the lower ribs of the spine, then the pain goes down and radiates to the groin or thigh from the side of a diseased kidney.

    An attack of such pain can last up to 18 hours;

  • frequent urination;
  • nausea and vomiting that do not bring relief;
  • high blood pressure;
  • chills


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