Why the face turns red: 5 main reasons

In autumn, the face turns red due to a sharp gusty wind in the street and dry air at home and at work. However, behind a harmless seasonal “blush” that easily passes without treatment, skin diseases may be hidden. Together with dermatologist Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx from the Moscow Regional Research Clinical Institute named after M.F. Vladimirsky, we understand in which cases it is enough to buy a moisturizer, and when you need to see a doctor.

What is this . "Error" of immunity,

arising

after contact with a stimulus in which immune cells see the enemy and therefore attack. Soap, decorative cosmetics, perfumes, jewelry, plants, medicines and

and much more

may turn out to be irritating.

How to recognize . Contact dermatitis occurs in the area that has come into contact with the substance causing the reaction.

The affected area turns red or a red rash appears on it; it itches, swells and becomes sensitive. Sometimes blisters appear.

Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx

dermatologist

- We must immediately stop contact with a possible irritant is to refuse cosmetics or remove jewelry, watches or a scarf, which could cause contact dermatitis. Antihistamines can help relieve allergic inflammation. It is better to choose second-generation drugs, because they do not cause drowsiness.

Before use, consult a specialist.

Why the face turns red: 5 main reasons

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What is this . A disease with

hereditary

predisposition, often haunting people with

allergies

. Atopic dermatitis sometimes worsens, then disappears - and is not completely cured.

Cosmetic or detergents, wool or synthetic fabrics, hormonal imbalances, as well as cold, damp or too dry autumn weather, can provoke an attack.

How to recognize . People with atopic dermatitis usually have very dry skin. Flaky red spots primarily occur on the hands, inside of the elbows or knees, and in children - on the face and scalp. Affected areas of the skin thicken, coarsen, often crack and itch, and pigment over time - that is, they acquire a darker color.

Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx

dermatologist

- If a person suspects himself atopic dermatitis, it is better to consult a doctor immediately. A specialist will inspect and collect additional information. If it is possible to identify some other diseases from the atopic triad - in addition to dermatitis, it is an allergy to pollen (pollinosis) and bronchial asthma - he will refer the patient to an allergist.

Why the face turns red: 5 main reasons

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What is this .

Although the phrase “sunburn” reminds more of a beach vacation than of autumn slush, the sun shines all year round. The intensity of ultraviolet radiation in autumn is lower than in summer - if only because part of the ultraviolet is scattered by the clouds - but the chance to get a sunburn in October is

not only in the southern latitudes

.

How to recognize . The skin turns red and becomes very sensitive. And if you spent the day at a ski resort, having forgotten the sunscreen at home, then the burnt skin area may swell, become blistered, and after a couple of days the skin will begin to exfoliate.

Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx

dermatologist

- Damaged skin quickly loses moisture, with mild burns, it makes sense to moisturize it with special foams, gels, light lotions or non-greasy cream with panthenol or aloe, which are sold in cosmetic stores or pharmacies. And in order not to aggravate a sunburn, you should use SPF cream, wear sunglasses and a hat, and also not go out into the sun in the active phase - that is, from 12:00 to 16:00.

Why the face turns red: 5 main reasons

Photo: shutterstock. com

What this is . A reaction that occurs in response to skin damage or irritation.

With urticaria, cells release histamine into the blood, a substance that provokes an allergic reaction.

It is difficult to say

why some people turn this reaction into a problem, while others do not.

In people who are prone to urticaria, histamine release is unpredictable, because it can be triggered by many reasons: insect bites, pain medication, scratches, germs, gum pressure on clothes, physical exertion, heat, cold or sunlight.

How to recognize . Red itchy spots appear on the skin, which over time can change shape, disappear and reappear.

Sometimes, with hives, painful swelling of the face or inner throat occurs, the temperature may rise.

Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx

dermatologist

- If edema occurs within an hour does not subside and there is no clinic nearby, where you could go for a consultation, you need to call an ambulance. Edema in the face is a serious condition that is safer to treat in a hospital.

Why the face turns red: 5 main reasons

Photo: shutterstock. com

What is this .

Medical

riddle

: no one knows exactly how this disease occurs. Some doctors believe that the problem is in the structure of blood vessels on the face, others blame microscopic ticks living in the skin. But it’s known for sure that rosacea can either leave or return.

The same reasons can cause an attack as hives, plus hot drinks and medicines. Sometimes even those who, in fact, should remove this very annoyance.

If you use a hormonal cream with hydrocortisone for longer than expected, it alone can cause steroid rosacea.

How to recognize . First, the skin turns red. Then the reddening area begins to burn and tingle, nodules appear on it, and tiny blood vessels appear under the skin.

Mikhail Makmatov-Lynx

dermatologist

- Treatment will be depend on what stage the disease is at.

In any case, you should consult a doctor. Before this, contact with hot water, steam should be avoided - for example, do not wash in hot water and do not stand near the stove. No need to eat spicy food, drink coffee and alcohol, you will have to temporarily abandon decorative cosmetics. Avoid gusts of wind (it is better to cover your face with a scarf), use sunscreen and apply moisturizers for sensitive skin.

The treatment of rosacea is long, including taking medications and using special creams, which the doctor should choose.

If persistent, non-decreasing redness and small vessels have already appeared on the face, the doctor will most likely recommend to consult a cosmetologist for laser correction.

Dermatologists by they think the whole world: if the redness on the face lasts

for more than two weeks

, then it's time to make an appointment with a dermatologist.

In addition, Dr. Makmatov-Lynx recommends that urgently seek medical help in such cases:

  1. If facial flushing is accompanied by lethargy, fatigue, high fever, problems with breathing and a heartbeat.
  2. If the rash on the face develops very aggressively - that is, the face does not just blush, but bubbles, sores, minor bleeding appear on it, the eyelids swell, the skin peels, the rash spreads to the neck or body.

.

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