Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

Why you need to stop being afraid to go to the gynecologist, what diseases the examination helps to prevent, and in which cases you need to go to the doctor immediately - along with the educational project "Smart Contraception" we answer these and other questions. In this we are assisted by Ph.D. , obstetrician-gynecologist Tatyana Kaznacheeva.

- Doctors should be visited annually, and, depending on age, gender and family history, undergo a minimum examination.

The main specialists who need to make regular appointments are a therapist (or family doctor), a dentist and an ophthalmologist. For women, a gynecologist, for men - a urologist.

The gynecologist’s fear of examination is often transmitted to the girls “by inheritance” - from mothers and grandmothers who colorfully talk about all the horrors of “Soviet” gynecology. They do not at all take into account the huge progress in medicine: in the relationship between a doctor and a patient, in instruments - instead of metal mirrors, disposable plastic ones are used, they are of different sizes and much more comfortable for patients - in mandatory pain relief. Society still unanimously believes that the gynecologist is one of the most “scary” and least favorite doctors for women.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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Most women necessarily associate a gynecological examination with feelings such as pain, shame, awkwardness and humiliation. Previously, people underwent mandatory preventive examinations, women visited a gynecologist. The examinations were superficial - very little time was allotted to each patient. The main task was to take a smear for oncitology (analysis that allows you to detect precancerous cells in the cervical region.

- Approx. Ed. ) - to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer. In this regard, such examinations were effective. But psychologically extremely uncomfortable.

And without a professional examination, for example, they did not sign a vacation application.

The obstetrician-gynecologist accompanies the girls throughout their life - he is engaged in women's health in general. The specialty is not in vain called "obstetrics and gynecology": everything that relates to the period of pregnancy refers to obstetrics; all about the health of a woman outside pregnancy - to gynecology. Therefore, an obstetrician-gynecologist for women is considered a primary care physician - as a therapist.

You need to visit a gynecologist from childhood.

Of course, the first visits to the doctor will be together with the parents and will be devoted to the routine examination and assessment of the girl’s development. This is an opportunity to discuss hygiene, changes in the body with the doctor, ask some questions to the doctor. Visits to the doctor in childhood form a culture of visiting a gynecologist and relieve fear of examinations. It is important.

When a girl turns 15, she becomes independent and has the right to medical confidentiality.

Since that time, the doctor can not tell relatives about the girl’s health status without her consent.

The task of the annual examination by a gynecologist is to identify various diseases before the onset of the first symptoms. For example, heavy menstruation can lead to iron deficiency anemia. This is a serious disease, as a result of which, due to a lack of iron, the blood begins to transfer much less oxygen, which can cause problems with the skin, hair, digestion and even the cardiovascular system. The woman in the first stages may not feel the approach of the disease, but regular visits to the gynecologist can help her recognize and prevent the disease in time.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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The first changes, which in 10-15 years will lead to cervical cancer, also do not manifest themselves. They can be detected only as a result of a special analysis. Changes in the mammary glands, such as fibroadenoma, women do not always notice on their own. An annual gynecological examination necessarily includes palpation of the chest.

A modern examination is impossible without an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs - the uterus and ovaries. It must be carried out annually at any age. Ovarian cysts and pathology of the uterine cavity can often be detected only in this way.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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Many women with a cessation of menstruation and the onset of menopause cease to be observed by a gynecologist - this is wrong.

At different ages, various diseases of the female reproductive system are found. The main tasks of the obstetrician-gynecologist change with the age of the patient.

Examination by a gynecologist should be performed at least once a year (preferably once every six months), if there are no complaints. Such a frequency is sufficient to monitor a woman’s health status. On the eve of a visit to a gynecologist, an intimate relationship is not recommended.

The ideal time for examination is right after the end of your period.

Girls should understand: they have their own make-up artist, hairdresser or cosmetologist - they must also have their own gynecologist, the patient can trust him and ask any questions about women's health.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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The reason for an unscheduled visit to the gynecologist should be any deviations from the usual regimen, duration and profusion of menstruation, the appearance of pain, spotting of any intensity outside the period of menstruation, changes in personal life (change of partner or marriage), pregnancy planning.

Another important reason to make an appointment with a gynecologist is the choice of contraception.

It takes place together with the doctor on the basis of a patient examination and a special survey about risk factors for possible complications. For example, women who are older than 35 years of age should not take combined oral contraceptives - the combination of substances from tobacco smoke and estrogen negatively affects the walls of the blood vessels, there is a risk of blood clots and thromboembolism (acute blockage of a blood vessel by a thrombus. - Note ed. ). Therefore, you can not start drinking pills on the recommendation of friends or based on reviews of other girls on the Internet.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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Hormonal contraceptives are taken not only to protect themselves. Their use can help to cope, for example, with diseases such as acne and premenstrual syndrome. Some modern contraceptives contain folate, or vitamin B9. They are necessary to reduce the risk of malformations in the fetus.

Hormonal contraceptives have other non-contraceptive positive effects. They can reduce the profusion of menstruation, making them less painful. With their help, menstruation can be postponed if it falls on vacation or on an important event. For more information on contraceptive methods, including oral contraceptives, you can read on the project website

"Smart-contraception"

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To select the appropriate oral contraceptives (OK), you need to undergo a general gynecological examination, measure blood pressure and discuss with your doctor possible risk factors and pass the necessary tests that your gynecologist will tell you about.

If you decide to stop using condoms with your partner in favor of OK, do not forget to discuss joint testing with him for HIV, hepatitis B and C, syphilis, chlamydia and trichomoniasis.

Why do I need to go to the gynecologist regularly

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Mandatory analysis: testing for atypical cells from the cervix uteri - smear for oncocytology or PAP test. It must be passed to every woman from 21 years to 65 years. In terms of meaning, these analyzes are the same, but the methods of execution are different.

A smear for oncocytology is performed annually, a liquid PAP test - once every 2-3 years. Oncology can identify patients at high risk. In this case, the gynecologist offers them a special examination to prevent cervical cancer.

Testing for the human papillomavirus in Russia is not included in the compulsory health insurance and in the plan of many VHIs and, as a rule, is carried out secondarily, if necessary.

Testing for infections is necessary if a sexually active woman is not married and wants to be examined.

Look for more useful information on all aspects of women's health on the website of the educational project "Smart Contraception".

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