Sometimes some athletes drink beer to relax and recover. Low alcohol drinks are found even at the finish line of large marathons and Ironman. We decided to figure out what happens to the body if a person drinks alcohol after heavy physical exertion.
After a hard training, a glass of beer is drunk not only by amateurs, but also by professional athletes. When Fabio Capello was the coach of “Roma”, he did not allow his players after the game to drink juices or cola - only beer.
One glass may not really hurt, but there are at least five reasons that should make you think whether to drink beer after the marathon.
The liver is responsible for the elimination of all by-products of metabolism that formed during a hard training or race. Drinking alcohol, a person makes the liver process alcohol, thereby slowing down the recovery process. “Instead of breaking down lactate and turning it into glucose and replenishing glycogen stores, the liver is busy producing alcohol dehydrogenase enzymes to cleanse the body of alcohol,” says Evelyn Parr, a physical activity and nutrition specialist at Australian Catholic University.
During severe physical your muscles work inevitably undergo micro-bursts. Proper nutrition and sleep restore muscles and relieve pain the next morning. A lot of alcohol will interfere with this process. “If you consume alcohol, especially in large doses, the body does not produce new proteins that are building materials for muscles so effectively. Even if you ate something rich in protein at the same time,” the specialist notes.
If you have another day planned one workout, drinking alcohol will not allow you to give your best. Doctors say: alcohol reduces muscle strength after heavy exertion. "This is probably due to a violation of the rate of synthesis of muscle proteins, which leads to a slowdown in recovery," says Parr.
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After exhausting work the body loses a lot of fluid, and you risk getting dehydrated.
Alcohol will only aggravate this condition. "High-alcohol drinks, such as IPA (Indian Pale Ale. - approx. Ed. ) can make rehydration difficult because of the diuretic effect of alcohol," Evelyn explains.
Dehydration, in turn, reduces blood plasma volume - this leads to disruption of the cardiovascular system.
Drinking immediately after the finish, you break the process recovery. But not because they drank alcohol, but because they gave preference to an alcoholic drink, rather than food that could replenish the body’s energy reserves. "Sometimes drinking alcohol doesn’t affect recovery, but it doesn’t eat right - the body doesn’t get enough carbohydrates (for glycogen resynthesis) and protein foods (for muscle protein synthesis)," says Parr. Try to eat something before you get to the bar to discuss your running experience with your friends.
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