Alexey Kuznetsov - doctor of applied kinesitherapy, chief specialist of the medical fitness club "NADO Fitness" - about what daily residents of big cities have to deal with and how all this affects their health.
- Life in a big city for the majority of the world's population has become the norm. But despite the huge comfort in everyday life, if a person refuses the natural (natural) environment, he will have unexpected and even dangerous stresses on his body. These are not only physical, but also mental problems. A comprehensive approach to solving these problems in Russia began to be practiced relatively recently.
A sedentary lifestyle, working at a computer, a long stay in traffic jams - all this does not pass without a trace and affects health at the most inopportune moment. Pain in the back, lower back, headaches and other pains in the complex can be caused by life in the city and do not allow you to focus on work and lead a full life. Many people are faced with the "megalopolis syndrome", but far from everyone realizes that their ailment is a combination of negative factors of life in urban conditions.
The main manifestations of the “megalopolis syndrome” are:
When the above symptoms appear a person goes to the doctor, where he conducts many examinations and tests. As a result, it is found that the patient is absolutely healthy. A frequent diagnosis in such cases is "vegetovascular dystonia", which in medical circles is considered a universal "excuse" for diseases whose etiology is not clear.
The question is brewing: what is the reason for such ailments and causeless deterioration in the general well-being of a person living in a big city? These are the reasons.
Into the air of any city where it prevails road transport, a huge amount of toxins is released, which we inhale, but do not notice. Try an experiment - ride a bicycle or go at a fast pace 3-4 kilometers away from settlements, for example, at a recreation center, and overcome the same distance at one of the major highways in the city. Breathing and heart rate will be significantly different. Depending on your physical fitness, there is a chance that you will be exhausted by going a smaller distance in the city.
Work in the office in a sitting position, which is unnatural for humans, threatens with negative consequences for the functioning of the musculoskeletal system. Today, up to 42% of the economically active population spends more than four hours a day at a workplace in front of a computer screen. This means that the load on the lower back and spine exceeds the indicators that were once a person who was actively moving and engaged in moderate physical activity.
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The psychological aspect is no less important.
After all, people in big cities have an established opinion that you need to work hard, achieve success in your career, sacrifice your personal interests and the time that you could spend with your family, in favor of career ambitions. So the residents of megacities have a serious dissonance between personal and working life, as well as emotional burnout - a person begins to feel strong physical and moral fatigue, stress, the desire to go to work or even get out of bed in the morning disappears.
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The abundance of fast food in shopping points on the streets of cities also leaves its mark on the deterioration of well-being of people. Often residents of megacities do not have enough time for lunch and they have to eat on the run.
Many generally miss important meals, and when they come home, they catch up on lost time. In this regard, there is a deficiency of the vitamin-mineral complex and a limited set of food products, and the body experiences extreme stress. The visible consequences of such nutrition are brittle hair and nails, problem skin, problems with teeth and digestive system organs.
Improper diet, combined with a lack of physical activity, leads to obesity, problems with cholesterol and the circulatory system, diabetes mellitus, chronic gastritis and more serious diseases of the digestive system.
You can deal with the manifestations of the "megalopolis syndrome" in different ways, the most important of which is to achieve constant tangible activity. But a visit to the gym once a week will not solve the problem - walking, going outdoors and eating healthy should be the rule, not single occurrences. Pay special attention to the problems of the musculoskeletal system, since problems in the back and joints can reach the point of no return state already under the age of 40.