Once again you promise yourself to take apart the closet, sign up for English courses or start reading books every day, but you won’t do it? Laziness? Or maybe something else is hidden behind the usual excuse? Together with experts, we answer this question from the point of view of neurology, psychology, neuroleadership and coaching.
- Laziness - is a phenomenon that is not directly related to any brain structures or neurotransmitters, that is, for a person in the cerebral cortex, there is no center that would be responsible for such a state. However, you can consider laziness from the point of view of reducing interest, and then this is already a function of the reticular formation, which is responsible for our wakefulness, activation. Studies have shown that the emotion of interest is associated with the work of the left hemisphere of the brain in righties. From this we can conclude that diseases that lead to damage to these areas can cause a decrease in interest in activities, which can outwardly manifest as laziness.
Laziness can be mistaken for increased fatigue, which, in in turn, it may be the result of some pathological conditions: a thyroid gland disease, which manifests itself as a decrease in function (hypothyroidism), anemia, psychological problems, for example, burnout syndrome.
In this case, a person gets tired physically and emotionally faster, he decreases his memory and ability to concentrate, his mood decreases, his sleep is disturbed - very often there is increased drowsiness. In such conditions, sometimes we ourselves cannot even identify the problem correctly. Sometimes such a person begins to get annoyed because of his passivity, lack of involvement in the work, believes that he is not able for some reason or weakness of character to cope with the assigned work, although in fact it is based on a real illness. But of course, you need to understand that any pathology does not develop in one day, and if during all the years spent at your current job you were not interested, you didn’t want to fulfill your duties, then the cause is hardly a thyroid disease, here you have to look the root of evil is dissatisfaction with this work.
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The word "apathy" hides many various states. One commonly accepted definition of apathy is that it is a syndrome characterized by a deficiency of goal-directed behavior with a weakening of both emotional and cognitive components. This condition very often coexists with depression. It happens that a decrease in mood background (depression) can be mistaken for apathy.
In this case, we are talking about inorganic, that is, causes not related to damage to the structures of the nervous system. Most often these are severe emotional stresses, forced sleep deprivation, unmet ambitions. Organic causes can be just as varied: past stroke (there is evidence indicating a twofold prevalence of apathy over depression in patients after a past ischemic stroke), many neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's.
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If laziness in any manifestation (decrease interest, apathy, lack of incentive) has developed over time, you must first exclude objective reasons.
In the absence of disease, you should pay attention to your lifestyle. Very often, it is enough to start regular exercise in order to increase the concentration of serotonin in the blood and decrease the concentration of cortisol and norepinephrine, and against this background, as proven by many studies, the mood will improve, anxiety disorder and apathy will pass. Consequently, there will be better memory, interest will appear, increased performance and resistance to stress. Another important nuance is sleep disturbance. If we often have to sleep, try to build ourselves into an inappropriate work schedule, then we run the risk of daytime sleepiness, incomplete physical and psychological recovery after a night’s sleep, and as a result, the inability to force ourselves to work fully, not wanting to take a few extra breaks, to take a nap, and also with the inability to remember new information, since the consolidation of memory traces occurs in the phase of slow sleep.
- From a psychological point of view, such a personal quality as laziness does not exist. Laziness is a passive rebellion, a denial of what society imposes on us: stereotypes alien to us, rules of conduct, values, goals. When activity is important and interesting to us, we can work without rest and without a break for food. But when what needs to be done goes against our condition, that very procrastination appears.
Laziness is a signal that can report different things:
If you feel that you are too lazy to to do something, do not push yourself.
It will be more useful if you postpone this business for a short while and look for the real reason why you do not want to do this right now. Doing nothing, you return to yourself. Breathing is needed to activate creativity. Move more, do sports. And if you find yourself unsolvable personality conflicts or signs of depression - be sure to contact a specialist.
- In psychology, laziness is understood as a negative quality of a person’s will, which is described as a person’s desire to refuse to overcome difficulties that arise before him and a persistent lack of desire to exert volitional efforts to carry out active actions. Most often, the cause of laziness is the lack of a meaningful goal and incentive. Awareness of the finiteness of life leads to the fact that we begin to relate to it more carefully and consciously. We begin the search for a personal vision of our existence. This vision will be the best incentive for action.
People often confuse the concept of "laziness" with procrastination. A lazy person does not want to do anything and does not feel any concern about this. Procrastinating, however, would be glad to do something, but cannot begin at all.
Instead of important things that make sense to us, we are doing something immaterial (and most often we spend this time on social networks). Later, due to self-reproaches and frustration, a feeling of helplessness arises, again leading to idleness.
And often procrastination is simply a problem of choice: the more opportunities we have, the more difficult it is to decide on some action. Pondering options requires energy, in the end we can not choose any of them. We put off the decision, and with it the action. But after doing nothing, we definitely won’t get any result, so the first step in the fight against procrastination and laziness is to take action.
There is an interesting technique for dealing with laziness called "The principle of one minute." The rule is that you go about your business for one minute and no more, but daily. The same actions that can take you one hour, you can also stretch for a minute. You will see that every day you will develop a new habit. Agree that it is better to fight one’s laziness one minute than not to do anything.
Then you daily increase the time you spend on your work, and the fight against laziness happens imperceptibly. There are times when "laziness" becomes a sign of a mental disorder. Behind laziness, there may be a syndrome of chronic fatigue, depression, and sometimes even a more serious mental disorder, which can only be diagnosed by a doctor during a personal consultation.
- In the practice of mindfulness, three types of laziness are distinguished.
This is a condition in which we feel tired, do not want to do anything, do not find strength in ourselves.
We can feel so insecure that we won’t even start. We will find many different reasons: I am not smart enough or good, I can’t, and so on.
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To deal with the first by the form of laziness, you can do the following: think and understand, maybe you are really tired and you need time to recover and rest. In this case, everything is simple - take time to relax, get enough sleep, and everything will return to normal.
If it is not a matter of fatigue, but lack of vigor, do some physical exercise, light exercise, take quick steps, turn on energetic music and dance. You need to do something to help your nervous system awaken.
The second type of laziness will help to cope with the prioritization and discipline in following them. For some people, the mechanism works well when they give someone a promise and then, feeling a commitment, fulfill it.
Faith in oneself and one's own strength will help to cope with the third kind of laziness.
Each time you do the right thing or achieve a small victory, reward and praise yourself. Give yourself support and continue to believe in yourself and your abilities.