There are two methods of treatment: cognitive-behavioral and drug therapy . If we are talking about primary insomnia (the cause of which could not be identified), then it is cognitive-behavioral therapy that can give positive results. This method includes limiting morning sleep, giving up daytime sleep, eliminating psychostimulating substances, and introducing active physical activity into everyday life.
The second type of treatment is drug therapy. It is important to remember that most of the remedies for insomnia have a lot of side effects, in addition, they can be addictive (they can not be used for more than two weeks).
Now a new generation of sleeping pills is appearing on the market, which can be used without much risk for several months, but it is dangerous and sometimes just pointless to use them independently without a doctor’s prescription.
For example, melatonin has clear indications for use - it can help with falling asleep and faster “reset” the biological clock during flights, but with chronic insomnia it will not be of any use.
Up to 95% of patients who turn to the Sonnology Center complaining of insomnia suffer from sleep disorders for more than three months, that is, most often we are talking about chronic insomnia. Many people, faced with this problem, realize that stress is to blame for everything, and try to cope with its causes on their own, using at the same time some kind of natural herbal preparations. Yes, sometimes it helps, but not always.
If, after the stressful situation is over, sleep does not recover within a week, you need to sound the alarm and make an appointment with the somnologist. A good specialist will help identify the true cause of sleep disturbances and prescribe the right treatment.