Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

We all know from childhood: that there is no caries, you need to thoroughly brush your teeth. But even an adult does not fully understand how to do this. We understand the basics of oral hygiene: which brush and toothpaste to choose, what time to brush your teeth and what additional care products to pay attention to.

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

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Dental organizations


brush your teeth for two to three minutes.

This is enough to remove plaque and maintain healthy teeth.

As for the specific technique, the doctors do not have a single opinion , but most adhere to the modified Bass technique. Here's how to brush your teeth:

  • place the brush at an angle of 45 degrees to the gums;
  • make small circular movements from the gum to tooth;
  • to brush your teeth from the inside, position the brush vertically.

The most important thing is to pay attention to all teeth from all sides, that is, from the external, internal and chewing. To clean the tongue is optionally , but there are studies that cleaning the tongue can help with halitosis (halitosis).

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

Photo: shutterstock. com

Regarding the frequency of cleaning, doctors agree with each other


: twice a day - optimally, and the second time is required

before bedtime

. But about the morning cleaning, the specialists have disagreements. Some


to clean before breakfast to reduce the potential effects of acids. Arguments in favor of brushing

after breakfast

: this way you can remove food debris between your teeth and simply keep your fresh breath longer.



: wait about an hour so as not to harm the enamel, which is immediately weakened after eating (especially if you ate something sweet or sour).

In fact, the main thing is to simply brush your teeth regularly and thoroughly. In this, all doctors are in solidarity. If it’s more convenient to clean before breakfast, do so. If after - so be it.

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

Photo: shutterstock. com

In addition to conventional toothbrushes, there are also electric, ionic and sound ones. You can use them all. An electric brush cleans plaque due to the rotation of the nozzle, a sound brush - due to sound vibrations, ionic - due to a special ionizing mechanism.

Studies on the superiority of one brush over others are ambiguous.

Scientists from the Edinburgh Dental Institute reviewed several studies that compared conventional and electric brushes, and did not find a statistically significant difference between different types of brushes. A similar, but later review showed that electric brushes better remove plaque, but how exactly this affects teeth in the long term is unclear. Research on sonic and ionic brushes is much less, but the available ones confirm that the ideal brush has not yet been invented. For example, as a result of one study, it turned out that the sound brushes are more efficient than ordinary180> ordinary ones, but only by 10%. A study on ion brushes did not reveal their advantages over conventional ones.

Regarding brush stiffness, the American Dental Association prefers to soft bristles because it least injures the gums and tooth enamel. The British Ministry of Health advises soft or medium brushes. The head of the toothbrush can be any, but some studies have shown that brushes with multi-level bristles better clean plaque.

Conclusion: effectively you can brush your teeth with the most ordinary brush, if you do it carefully and regularly.

Brush care recommendations from American Dental Association :

  • rinse the brush with tap water after each use to remove any paste and dirt;
  • keep the brush upright;
  • do not cover the brush with a container - in In such an environment, microbes multiply intensely.

    Let the brush dry in air;

  • change the brush every three to four months or more often if the bristles are worn out.

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

Photo: shutterstock. com

Choose a fluoride paste. It has been proven that fluoride

prevents the prevention of

the development of caries. Moreover, the fluorine concentration in the paste

should be

not less than 1,000 281285m.

Optimum - 1 350-1 500 289297m. Children under six years of age, if they do not have caries, the concentration can be reduced to 1,000 322325m. Other components of the toothpaste

are of the

controversial effectiveness, therefore, when choosing a paste it is better to consult a dentist.

After cleaning, spit out the toothpaste. But immediately rinse your mouth, according to experts, do not need : so the fluoride will remain on the teeth longer.

Another thing worth watching is the amount of paste on the brush. Do not squeeze it too much. Children under three years old have a smear, and children older and adults - peas. You can see how the smear and the pea look like here .

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

Photo: shutterstock.


Dentists advise to clean the interdental spaces once a day. Dental floss or irrigator will help. Some researchers


the effectiveness of the dental floss, but it is still

appears in the

in the official dental health guidelines.

How to use the thread:

  1. Pull out 30-45 cm of the thread and wrap it around the two fingers of each hand.
  2. Gently thread the floss between your teeth.

  3. Bend the thread in the form of the letter "C".
  4. Walk the thread up and down, pressing it to the tooth. Do not yank or break the thread.
  5. The same instruction in English with pictures .

The irrigator cleans the interdental spaces with a jet of water and, according to the results of some studies, even wins the in dental floss efficiency.

The irrigator is especially useful if you have braces, crowns or bridges that are difficult to clean. Irrigators are stationary and portable. The latter can be taken with you anywhere, but their tank is only enough for one cleaning. Read more about irrigators in in this article .

Ultimate instruction: how to brush your teeth

Photo: shutterstock.


American Dental Association

does not see

The urgent need for rinsing agents as a care product: conventional rinsing agents will not replace a toothbrush, and you will only temporarily relieve bad breath. Some rinsing agents can cope with a specific problem, and in this case, they must necessarily contain the active ingredient. For example, rinsing agents with chlorhexidine

may be

effective in halitosis. But use such rinses should only be prescribed by a doctor.

Use a rinse aid recommend only six years old: small children can accidentally swallow the liquid, and there is a chance that this will lead to unpleasant consequences: nausea, vomiting, and due to the alcohol content in some rinses - intoxication.



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