Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

The "safety" of sex is determined by the quality of contraception and protection against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). But perhaps you don’t know everything about safety, warns obstetrician-gynecologist Tatyana Rumyantseva.

It is believed that with oral sex the risk of contracting STIs and other infectious diseases is lower than with vaginal and anal contacts. However, the risk of getting nevertheless

is

for both partners.

In oral sex, you can get gonorrhea, syphilis (especially if the sick partner has wounds on the genitals or lips) and genital herpes.

Less commonly, oral chlamydia, hepatitis A, B and C, human papillomavirus and HIV are transmitted through oral sex. In addition to the "classic" STIs, with oral sex in the anus you can catch shigellosis and amoebiasis.

Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

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Some people

consider

"real" sex only penis-vaginal contact. And if they had only oral or any other form of sex without penetration, then they sincerely consider themselves virgins.

However, through oral contact you can also get an STI - therefore, before sex it makes sense to discuss with your partner all types of his previous sexual activity.

Chlorhexidine

* and

miramistin

* - drugs that were originally created to disinfect postoperative wounds. Their regular use after sexual intercourse can lead to negative consequences.

Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

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Every year, STIs become infected

350 million people

, and approximately 80% of women and 10% of men do not manifest these diseases in any way.

However, this does not mean that there is no reason to worry. If only because herpes and syphilis increase the risk of

HIV infection

three or more times.

Sexual infections, including those without symptoms, are especially dangerous for women: these diseases can provoke cervical cancer, lead to infertility or ectopic pregnancy.

Condom

reduces the risk of

getting an STI, however protection

cannot be considered absolute

, even if the condoms are used correctly. The fact is that the various microbes that cause sexually transmitted diseases are transmitted in different ways.

HIV infection, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis are transmitted mainly through the contact of mucous membranes and secretions from the genitals, so a condom reliably protects against these infections.

On the other hand, genital herpes, syphilis and human papillomavirus (HPV) are mainly transmitted through contact with infected areas of the skin or mucous membrane. In this situation, you can rely on a condom only if it covers the infected area.

Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

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The effectiveness of contraceptives is usually measured in

the number of pregnancies per 100 women

per year.

From this point of view, a condom as a means of protection falls only

into the third group

of reliability.

  • The first place in reliability (one pregnancy per 100 women) is taken by contraceptive implants, intrauterine systems and sterilization.
  • Second place (6-12 pregnancies per 100 women) - for contraceptive injections, combined contraceptives and progesterone in tablets, vaginal rings and plasters, diaphragm.
  • Third place (18 and more pregnancies per 100 women) - for male and female condoms, cervical cap, sponge, calendar method and spermicidal preparations.

Probability of pregnancy during menstruation is small, but women with a short cycle (22 days) have a chance to become pregnant during menstruation

higher than33

than women with a long cycle (28 days).

Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

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The calendar method relies on the menstrual cycle, therefore, suggests on which days conception is most and least likely. However, in reality, the method is so unreliable that it is not even considered a method of contraception, but is referred to as

natural family planning

.

Alas, self-control has nothing to do with it. Some time before full ejaculation, the so-called pre-ejaculate is released - a clear liquid that works as a lubricant.

Sometimes live sperm

fall into this fluid

.

And since the release of the pre-ejaculate is impossible to control, out of 100 women who practice interrupted intercourse with a man, 28 women become pregnant during the year.

Top 10 Safe Sex Myths

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Bacteria and viruses transmitted

mainly through the sexual route

, quickly penetrate into the body during sex through microcracks and scratches on the skin and mucous membranes, so they can not be washed off with urine. To reduce the risk of STIs, both women and men need to use a condom.

So run to the toilet immediately after sex is not necessary. Although this may make some sense - especially for women.

* This material is not an advertisement for any medicine. Before use, consult a specialist.

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