Comics are not only stories about Batman, Spider-Man and other superheroes. Comics expert and author of the telegram channel
Nastya Gushchina talks about how to read comics and not get confused in endless genres and universes.
Comics come from the word comic (funny), but not all comics tell hilarious stories. Comics used to be printed in Sunday newspapers as funny pictures. Modern comics are a form of art in which a coherent narrative is created using text and images.
The range of comic plots is huge. Of course, humorous comics and superhero series are still popular. But you can still easily find historical comics about world wars, illustrated biographies and graphic reports. This does not mean that serious topics become less serious due to their appearance in comics. No, this only speaks of the diversity of subjects that concern authors and readers.
Today, comics are divided into different categories: graphic novels, floppies, comic books, zina, strips and so on.
Most often in Russian bookstores you can see exactly graphic novels. Some issues of manga (Japanese comics) also belong to this form.
Photo: fragments of the comic "Contract with God" // www. mann-ivanov-ferber. ru
Here are a few ways to choose the first comic book:
The easiest way to focus on the genres of cinema, because the genre system of comics often coincides with the cinematic. So, comedies will love the comicsof Tom Gold . If you like noir and detective stories, check out Sin City . If you love action and superhero showdowns, check out the comics that served as the basis for popular films. But keep in mind that superhero universes are easy to get confused: in addition to the original comics, there are all sorts of reboots and parallel worlds.
In the multiverse of Superman alone, over its eighty-year history, 52 lands have accumulated (and a separate series has been made about each). Therefore, to begin with, select one character and find classic comics about him. In the history of each significant superhero, there are so-called arches - self-contained series united by one plot. So that you can start acquaintance with them. For navigation in the worldsMarvel and DC it is convenient to use special encyclopedias about these legendary publishers.
Try to look at comics in different styles and see what aesthetics appeal to you. Buy or rent the comic book that you liked the most.
Photo: fragments of the comic book “Funny house” // boomkniga . ru
Here is a short list of comics that may pretend to be a must-read comic book:
"Understanding the comic strip" is the story of the development of the comic strip, which is made in the comic strip. This book can already be regarded as a unique textbook, because it is difficult to find a more visual answer to the question of what a comic book is.
As Eisner himself writes: "They [the stories] are true. And only my pictorial retelling turned them into fiction."
In addition,"Mouse" was also the first comic book to receive the Pulitzer Prize. The Mouse is interesting in that it is on the border between the fictional and the documentary: its characters are anthropomorphic animals, but the story told is real in every detail.
Another “Merry House” raises topics such as awareness of one’s sexuality, acceptance of oneself and one’s body.
Alan Moore is called one of the best comics artists in history. He worked at the DC publishing house on the Batman and Superman series, and his author's comics are considered the highest example of comics as a genre. "Keepers" combine all the best qualities of mass comics: drama, epic scope and incredible dynamics. The characters of the Guardians themselves are ultimatum superheroes, those who appear when there is no hope left. The Guardians series is recommended even for those who are allergic to superhero stories.
To make a list of mastris is a thankless task: everyone has different tastes. So if you think that some comics on this list are undeservedly forgotten, then most likely you are right.
There really isn’t just one “same” comic that you simply have to read in your life. There are bad comics, there are good ones, but the main thing in this graphic world is the diversity and freedom that artists cultivate, deciding to dress their ideas in the form of a drawn story.
Photo: fragments of the comic book “Keepers” // azbooka.
Usually in large bookstores there is a special section of graphic literature. If there are not many bookstores in your city, order comics on the Internet. For example, here:
It does not lag behind the competitor and offers the famous DC and Marvel comic book series along with domestic novelties.
Sometimes, comics themselves are the cheapest in the publishers themselves.
And also through publishers it is easy to learn about comic novelties. These are now considered the most famous comic book publishers in Russia:
He publishes world masterpieces from both the West and the East, and Russian comics are not ignored.
Finally, comics can be borrowed from libraries.
In St. Petersburg there is a separate library of graphic literature , and in Moscow - "Hall of visual arts and comics" in the Russian State Library for the Arts.
Stories in pictures is a whole world that is not limited to stereotypical plots. In order to get acquainted with the comics, it is not necessary to know the whole history of Batman or to understand Marvel artists. For starters, just realize that you are interested in this art form.
Photo: fragments of the comic strip “You just envy my jetpack” by Tom Gold // boomkniga. ru