Of the original seven wonders of the world, only the pyramids in Giza remained. The hanging gardens of Babylon, the Lighthouse of Alexandria, the temple of Artemis, the colossus of Rhodes turned into dust and live only in human memory. Travel writer Aaron Millar chooses new wonders: those that (so far) can be seen with your own eyes.
The Great Barrier Reef, located in the Pacific Ocean in northeastern Australia, is the largest coral reef in the world. Just think about it, it covers an area of over 348 thousand square kilometers.
If the reef could be transferred to Europe, in length it would occupy the space from London to Moscow.
The Great Barrier Reef is the largest ecosystem in the world. About 1,500 species of fish live in corals (approximately 10% of all existing fish on Earth), 30 species of whales and dolphins, and more than 100 species of sharks.
However, this unique place is now in danger. Due to global warming, the water in the ocean is also getting warmer.
When the temperature rises by at least one degree, algae living in polyps and providing them with food and color die. Thus, the barrier reef is gradually discolored. A natural monument that has survived 18 million years is now under threat. That is why it is so important to visit. Anyone who has ever seen this living rainbow mosaic will immediately understand that this is a miracle of the world, which is worth saving.
Note: if you want to get on the reef, you can join the volunteer nature conservation program organized by the Australian organization of voluntary conservationists.
Kilauea is the youngest of the land Hawaiian volcanoes and one of the most active active volcanoes on Earth. Since 1983, he has been erupting almost constantly. However, this year there was the most powerful eruption in the entire history of observations. In May, after an earthquake of magnitude five, cracks formed on the slopes of the volcano, from which rivers of hot lava flowed, destroying hundreds of houses.
Kilauea in Hawaiian mythology is considered the habitat of Pele, the Hawaiian goddess of volcanoes. Locals consider the eruption a manifestation of her fiery temper.
If you are lucky enough to see an angry volcano from the side, you will realize that this is one of the most beautiful sights on the planet, as if you were at a fireworks festival.
But keep in mind: the Hawaiian legend says that anyone who tries to take a piece of volcanic rock with them from the slopes of Kilauea will be damned until he returns the stone. Believe it or not, the fact remains.
Every year, tourists send stone fragments back to the island by mail! So do not tempt fate.
Photo: shutterstock. com
Great travel writer Bruce Chatwin described the endless wild lands of Patagonia as "the farthest place from the homeland."There are many amazing sights here, but the most impressive is Torres del Paine. Tourists are breathtaking when they find themselves at an altitude of 6,000 feet and look at the three sharp granite towers of the Payne Massif.
There is something mystical in these blocks of stone, at times they resemble the spiers of a giant ruined cathedral, and at times seem like a huge fortress in a lost fairy-tale kingdom.
Note: the new automobile route from the Far North of Patagonia to Torres del Paine in the south is famous for the most beautiful landscapes in the world.
Photo: shutterstock. com
In Russia there is one of the greatest natural wonders of the world - the largest and deepest freshwater lake in the world. Baikal is located in the southeast of Siberia and is surrounded on all sides by the tundra and endless taiga forests.
Think about it - Baikal stores 20% of the non-frozen water resources of the earth; it is larger in volume than all the great lakes of America combined; you can put three imaginary skyscrapers of the Empire State Building on top of each other and they still will not reach the surface of the water. Baikal is called the pearl of Siberia, and this is the most accurate comparison. The lake really resembles a huge gem. The secrets associated with the reservoir are no less overwhelming: for example, on Baikal more often than anywhere else in the world, they see UFOs.
Note: go to Baikal by train along the Trans-Siberian Railway.
This is one of the most impressive railway routes in the world (nine thousand kilometers from Moscow to Vladivostok). Most trips take about two weeks and include a stop on Lake Baikal.
Photo: shutterstock. com
If in childhood you Adored dinosaurs and watched all the films about the Jurassic Park, you definitely here. In northeastern Utah, Carnegie’s quarry, known as the “wall of bones,” can be seen on the remains of the ancient inhabitants of the planet.
Right in the section of the rock there are about 1,500 individual bones: ribs, like rapier blades, skulls with eye sockets the size of a fist and femurs the thickness of a tree trunk. Once upon a time there were swamps on the cliffs, on which these terrible monsters roamed. Amazing!
Note: To see the wall of bones in Carnegie’s quarry, as well as dozens of other prehistoric places in Utah, go to the so-called Diamond Way of the Dinosaur ( Dinosaur Diamond Byway ) . This is a circular road connecting museums, excavations and quarries.
In the Redwood National Park grows the world's highest sequoia - "Hyperion". It was discovered in the summer of 2006. The height of the tree is 115.5 meters - almost a building of 35 floors. Great sequoias, such as Hyperion, grow only in the narrow coastal strip in northern California.
They have an ideal climate there: due to the wind blowing from the Pacific Ocean, the forest is constantly humid, even during the infamous summer droughts of California. Scientists, having studied the cuts of fallen trees, came to the conclusion that some redwoods can be about 2000 years old.
Note: combine a trip to Redwood National Park with a visit to another amazing tree - sequoia called "General Sherman". This is the first tree in volume and mass on Earth, and it is also located in California.
For six years Curiosity rover took samples of Martian soil in search of organic molecules. This year, a high concentration of organic compounds was finally found in samples found in a layer of ancient lake sediments.
In order for the rover to reach the Red Planet, NASA scientists had to organize one of the most daring space flights in history. After traveling 50 million kilometers, approaching the atmosphere of Mars at a speed of about 13,000 kilometers per hour, the probe first deployed a supersonic parachute and thermal protection, and then carried out rocket explosions. He had to land exactly in the right place.
It was like finding a needle in a haystack on the other side of the solar system. A miracle of engineering. Thanks to such achievements, we can finally get one step closer to answering the question whether we are alone in the Universe ...
Note: Follow the Curiosity rover on the Internet on the NASA mission website.