According to Bragin, 14% of men and 26% of women in Russia are overweight and are increasingly diagnosed with obesity in children. Rospotrebnadzor together with the Academic Institute of Nutrition monitors the diet of the population. Monitoring results show that in the diet of Russians there is not enough protein and excess fat. This provokes the development of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, said Bragin.
The presence of excess weight, doctors determine by body mass index: the ratio of body weight to height.
According to the World Health Organization, obesity is considered the case when the body mass index is greater than or equal to 30. The main cause of obesity and overweight, WHO calls energy imbalance, in which the calorie intake exceeds the energy needs of the body.
Obesity can seriously affect your health: increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease, diabetes, musculoskeletal diseases, and certain types of cancer. Rospotrebnadzor previously called malnutrition the cause of 63% of deaths in Russia.