Rospotrebnadzor: in Europe, an unprecedented increase in the incidence of measles over the past 10 years

37 fatal cases of measles are known. The most affected countries are Ukraine and Georgia. The other day, an outbreak was recorded in the United States - 22 patients.

In the

statement

Rospotrebnadzor it is reported that only for the last year in In Ukraine, the indicator was 849 patients with measles for every million people, in Georgia - 396 patients, in Montenegro - 324 patients, in Greece - 261 patients, in France - 43 patients, in Italy - 42 patients per million. Due to the measles epidemic, Poland intends to ban the entry of unvaccinated citizens of Ukraine.

According to the same Rospotrebnadzor, in Russia the situation is stable, despite a certain increase in the number of cases. So, recently there was information about an outbreak of measles in the Vladimir region.

The increase in the number of sick people is attributed to the fact that some people refuse to vaccinate and vaccinate their children. It is worth noting that this year, for the first time, WHO made the voluntary refusal of vaccination a list of ten global threats to humanity.

According to the estimates of

, in 2017, 110,000 people died from measles, most of them children under the age of five.

Rospotrebnadzor: in Europe, an unprecedented increase in the incidence of measles over the past 10 years

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Measles

is an extremely contagious viral disease that can lead to serious complications. Anyone who has not been vaccinated and has not previously had measles risks being infected. However, measles is most often found in young children.

The disease can be quite difficult, but after 7-10 days, as a rule, it goes away.

Having been ill, the body develops resistance (immunity) to the virus - the likelihood that you will become infected again is very small. Nevertheless, the disease can lead to serious and potentially dangerous complications.

The most common complications are:

  • children under one year of age;
  • children who are poorly fed;
  • children with a weakened immune system (e.g. with leukemia);
  • adolescents and adults.

  • diarrhea and vomiting that can lead to dehydration;
  • middle ear infection (otitis media);
  • conjunctivitis;
  • laryngitis;
  • infections of the respiratory tract and lungs ( pneumonia, bronchitis and croup);
  • seizures caused by fever (febrile seizures).

Less common complications:

  • hepatitis;
  • strabismus;
  • meningitis, encephalitis.

Rospotrebnadzor: in Europe, an unprecedented increase in the incidence of measles over the past 10 years

Photo: shutterstock. com

There are rare complications These include serious visual impairment that risks leading to its loss, problems with the heart and nervous system, as well as subacute sclerosing panencephalitis - a rare disorder that can occur several years after the disease itself (occurs in 1 out of 25,000 cases).

Important: measles during pregnancy can cause miscarriage and stillbirth.

Along with HIV

the measles virus

negatively affects the functioning of the human immune system and makes vulnerable and prone to other infections.

Rospotrebnadzor: in Europe, an unprecedented increase in the incidence of measles over the past 10 years

Photo: shutterstock. com

There is no cure for measles , all that can be done is to alleviate the symptoms (antipyretic drugs are usually prescribed). An infected person should not go to work and study (at least four days from the time he was diagnosed with measles). He needs to avoid contact with people who are most vulnerable to infection: we are talking about young children and pregnant women.

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