Cholesterol - is an organic compound that is produced in the liver and enters the body with food. The body needs cholesterol to produce hormones (estrogen, progesterone, testosterone, cortisol and others), as well as vitamin D. Cholesterol does not dissolve and moves along the bloodstream with proteins. As a result of the addition of cholesterol to the protein, two types of complexes are formed: “bad” cholesterol (low density lipoproteins) and “good” (high density lipoproteins).
"Good" cholesterol removes fatty compounds from tissues and transfers them to the liver, where they are neutralized.
"Bad" cholesterol delivers fatty compounds to body cells. Cells absorb the necessary amount of cholesterol, and excess remains in the blood, which can lead to atherosclerosis - the formation of plaques on the walls of blood vessels.
Dietary recommendations 2015-2020,
that the US Department of Agriculture publishes each year with the Department of Health, experts do not urge healthy people to limit their cholesterol intake with food to 300 mg per day (a similar tip
in the document until 2010). Today, doctors believe that the most important is the complex of eating habits, a variety of diets, and eating enough fruits, vegetables, and grains every day.
In one egg contains 140-240 mg of cholesterol.
But the cholesterol in eggs (and also in shrimp, crab, octopus, lean meat) does not affect the total level of cholesterol in the blood moderate use of these products.
The level of total cholesterol in the blood rises due to excessive consumption of saturated fats and trans-fats with food, against the background of diabetes, liver and kidney diseases , obesity, taking certain medications, smoking and lack of exercise. Saturated fats are mainly contained in in animal products: milk, cheese, yogurt, butter, fatty meat and products from it (sausage, sausages). Trans fats are part of industrially prepared cakes, pastries, semi-finished products, snacks.
What is the result? Cholesterol level rises from an unhealthy lifestyle and bad eating habits.
Moderate egg consumption reduces the risk of cancer and stroke, contributes to weight loss, helps with cognitive impairment and stress. If you do not suffer from diabetes, liver and kidney diseases, lead an active lifestyle, your diet is varied and full, scrambled eggs or scrambled eggs in the morning will not harm you.