Minister of Health Veronika Skvortsova in an interview with
told that practically everything 85 Russian regions have one or another level of iodine deficiency. Iodine consumption in Russia averages no more than 80 micrograms per day. This is 3-4 times less than the norm, which is 150-250 micrograms.
The Ministry of Health prepared a bill on universal iodization of edible salt, including that used in bakery products. "This simple measure will immediately allow the entire population of the country to prevent thyroid diseases, slow down the development of vascular diseases, and during pregnancy in women, to ensure its physiological course with good bearing of the baby," says Skvortsova.
Iodine is a vital trace element that is involved in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. When there is very little iodine, the thyroid gland begins to increase and as a result goiter forms. Lighter deficiency can be expressed by a decrease in intelligence and problems with academic performance in children. Iodine is especially important for women during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
The best way to prevent iodine deficiency is to have a varied and balanced ration .
Most iodine is found in seafood. Iodine is also found in plant foods: cereals, cereals.
In other countries the problem of the deficiency of this microelement is solved by universal iodization of edible salt. A draft of such a law was developed by the Russian Ministry of Health.
When taking iodized salt, remember about the norms of consumption : no more than five grams of salt per day.
Excess iodine for a long time leads to changes in the thyroid gland. That is why taking iodine in the form of biologically active additives, especially without a doctor's prescription, is risky.