For an adult, it is normal to have acute respiratory infections 2-3 times a year. If this happens to you more often, then it is quite possible that there is no particular problem here. But if this state of affairs gives you a lot of inconvenience, if it seems to you that something is wrong, consult a therapist who will either deal with your problem himself or send him to an immunologist. Why not immediately to a specialist? The problem will not necessarily be in the deficiencies of the immune system as a whole. For example, the case may be in local immunity, which largely depends on lifestyle.
This happens with smokers: due to damage to the mucous membranes of the respiratory tract, it is easier for viruses to penetrate into the cells, and accordingly, people get ARI more often. Or, due to reflux (acid reflux into the esophagus from the stomach), the mucous membrane is also damaged, and infections occur more often in the throat.
But if the matter is immunity and it needs to be "raised", how to act? “To“ raise it ”, you first need to see where it“ lies, ”says immunologist Ilya Korsunsky. Immunodeficiencies, that is, significant impairments of the immune system, can be congenital (primary, PID), or can be acquired (secondary). There are about 250 types of congenital disorders that cause immunodeficiency, which usually occur in childhood, but sometimes problems can occur at the age of 40.
To suspect a primary immunodeficiency, you need to find at least two of its symptoms. I am treated in completely different ways: from simple observation to bone marrow transplantation.
Acquired immunodeficiencies can occur after severe blood loss, with severe burns, prolonged use of corticosteroids, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, prolonged infection with parasites, HIV infection, if you don’t take special drugs, etc. "Talk that a person is sick because he hasn’t slept, is tired and his immunity has fallen, these are everyday kitchen conversations. Only a special analysis with very stringent parameters can tell about the state of immunity, "writes Alexander Myasnikov, the head physician of the Moscow City Clinical Hospital No.
71, popularizer of medicine in his book" On the most important thing.
"If the immunological examination shows the norm and a person is justifiably dissatisfied with his condition, we need to look further for a reason that most often lies not in immunology, "explains Ilya Korsunsky.