- First, you need to select the words that you want to learn. Learning all unfamiliar foreign words in a row is inefficient. Choose universal and interesting words and phrases for you - those that can be useful in different situations. In the English language there are about 500 thousand words - and only three thousand of them, according to experts, the British use in everyday life. This, of course, does not mean that for a successful and fluent English, you need to learn just these three thousand words.
This number is the number of vocabulary units that make up the so-called active vocabulary. There is also a passive vocabulary. These are words whose meaning we know, but do not use them constantly. It is necessary to replenish both dictionaries. When selecting words, focus on those that seem most useful to you.
For example, if you use the language at work, you need to add cliches, terms and concepts that are specific to your professional sphere to the list of words.
Words were taken, how to learn them? Classic for all time - cramming. In psychology, it is customary to distinguish several types of perception: auditory, visual and kinesthetic. So, it is believed that the methods of learning the language and ways to replenish the vocabulary differ depending on the type of perception. For example, for visuals to learn a word, it is enough to read a list of words several times.
Audiences need the acoustic image of a word, so they need to pronounce the words out loud. Kinesthetics are encouraged to spell words in a line. I recommend using different types of memory: visual, auditory and motor.
There are various services and applications with which you can diversify the learning process. For example, the Quizlet platform.
It offers different types of activities: cards and even games. Lists of words can be made independently or use ready-made ones. Bonus: here you can listen to how the word is pronounced.
It is important to learn words in context. The foreign language that you learn can be very different from Russian: a different grammar, word order and their compatibility.
For example, you have learned the English verb need - "need", and now you want to use it in a sentence. Someone thinks: since in Russian we say "I need a book," in English I must say - Me need a book. The man applied the logic of the Russian language in the English sentence and received abracadabra. Correctly say - I need a book. It is sometimes difficult for Russian people to understand the logic of the English language, as well as many other languages.
Therefore, I recommend learning not one verb need, but the whole sentence I need a book. So you will already know the finished speech pattern and make no mistake.