FitNavigator. ru / edition
The material was prepared by the site team with the support of our experts: athletes, trainers and nutrition specialists. Our team. .
Cramping of the calf muscles (krampi) is a common occurrence among people of all ages.
Causes of spasm can be vitamin deficiency, overstrain and even serious diseases. If convulsive contractions last more than 15-20 minutes and are repeated several times a week, you need to visit a phlebologist. A specialist will diagnose and prescribe treatment . We will talk about the causes of seizures and how to effectively relax the calf muscles in an unexpected short-term attack.
Cramps in the calves are characterized by unnatural, sharp muscle contraction and the occurrence of acute pain.
This syndrome is not an independent disease. Common causes of convulsive contractions:
It occurs when the body loses salts and minerals due to diarrhea, vomiting or lack of drinking. Wasted electrolytes are responsible for the sensitivity of nerve endings, so their lack is the reason that reduces the calf muscles.
As a result of the uneven distribution of weight in the foot, an overstrain of the muscles, ligaments and tendons of the lower legs appears.
In addition to the listed cases of seizures, the syndrome manifests itself in a dream. Scientists can not accurately determine the cause of night attacks.It is believed that this is due to the person being in an uncomfortable or unnatural position for a long time.
For frequent and prolonged convulsions, a specialist consultation is necessary. As a rule, doctors prescribe physiotherapy, physiotherapy exercises and massage.
But if the attack suddenly occurred at work or at home, we recommend using simple methods to relax the calf muscles.
For severe pain, perform a simple gymnastic stretch.
If the pain has resumed, repeat the stretch again.
If the pain persists, repeat the exercise.
Another effective way is pinching massage. Without getting out of bed, begin to intensively pinch a tense muscle. Continue for 10-15 seconds. Then, pat your lower leg with your palms several times.
The pain should subside. If this does not help, repeat the massage.
At the time of the pain spasm, grab the shin with your palms and press with your thumbs on the middle of the calf muscle. As a rule, after a few pressures the pain weakens. You can then stand up and pull your calves with simple exercises.
Some also benefit from a light injection with a sharp object (pin or needle) into a sore muscle. The main thing is not to overdo it and not to injure yourself.
Often convulsive syndrome catches up while swimming. In such a situation, you cannot panic and make chaotic movements that consume energy. Try to get to the shore and already on land make a simple stretch of the back surface of the lower leg and massage your legs.
If you are far from the shore, fill your lungs with air as much as possible and roll over onto your back. Grasp the toe of the problem leg, pull it towards you and smoothly straighten the limb. Repeat 3-4 times. After the pain subsides, very carefully, without making sudden movements, swim to the shore and massage.
We list the preventive measures that will reduce the risk of pain in the calf muscles:
Before each intense workout, warm up your body and stretch your calves. This will improve blood circulation in the legs. After class, do some stretching exercises to relieve muscle tension and get rid of blood stasis.
If this is not possible, drink more clean water, and take multivitamins at home.
Stretching workouts will improve body mobility and relieve cramps and strain.
Before taking preventive measures, be sure to visit a doctor and make sure that convulsions are not a consequence of pathology, for example, varicose veins. Otherwise, you risk aggravating the course of the disease.
Was the article helpful to you?
It is unfortunate that the article was not useful to you.
We ask your advice!
Thank you for your feedback!
ru / edition
The material was prepared by the site team with the support of our experts: athletes, trainers and nutritionists. Our team. .