In men , the ability to conceive children
on the normal functioning of the hypothalamus, pituitary and reproductive organs - the testes. Problems
at the anatomy level -
infertile men, the problem is associated with varicocele, that is, with the expansion of the scrotum veins. The second common cause is an infectious disease, as a result of which the vas deferens is "clogged".
But more often male infertility is associated with hormonal disorders. In this situation, a person with healthy reproductive organs may experience, for example, problems with an erection.
Sometimes male infertility is genetically determined. In this situation, irregularly shaped spermatozoa are formed in the testicles of a healthy person in all other respects, which are not able to achieve the goal and provide conception.
And finally, male infertility may be associated with an unhealthy lifestyle. There is evidence that smoking, alcohol abuse and obesity worsen sperm quality.
Thus, there can be many reasons for both female and male infertility, and not all of them are obvious.
Understanding why an apparently healthy couple has no children is sometimes very difficult even for experienced reproductologists, gynecologists and urologists.