World IBD Day is an occasion to speak out loud about a disease that is not so well known in society. This is a group of chronic diseases in which immune inflammation develops in the intestinal wall. These include Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Patients with IBD experience severe physical and psychological suffering, because of which they cannot lead a full life - work, study, communicate, travel.
Russia first joined the action in 2017, highlighting the Palace Bridge in St.
Petersburg. This year, the Ostankino television tower in Moscow will also turn purple.
Due to the taboo topic Patients with IBD do not turn to specialists until the disease progresses to a more severe stage, and doctors are unable to detect IBD at an early stage due to the lack of a screening system.
It takes two to five years to make a diagnosis, therefore, in most patients, IBD is already diagnosed with complications and requires surgical intervention.
The causes of the occurrence and development of IBD are still not fully established. Various factors affect the body's immune system, which leads to the development of chronic inflammation of the intestinal mucosa with subsequent damage. At the same time, patients suffer from abdominal pain, diarrhea, anemia, weight loss and appetite, weakness, skin problems, and extremely painful inflammation in the perineum. However, now it is quite possible to eliminate the symptoms of the disease and bring the patient into prolonged remission with the help of correctly selected therapy.