A person’s running speed is another characteristic by which competitions can be held. Today, there are such things as average running speed, maximum and record.
The most ordinary healthy person who does not have contraindications to fast running can show his speed data at a sprint distance of 100 meters.
After the race, your legs will hurt, this is natural. Usually the time taken for such an unprepared person to run a hundred-meter run varies from 13 to 15 seconds.
Of course, people who are overweight, elderly or having any disease can show much more modest results. And not everyone who walks normally can run.
A healthy person after a month of training noticeably improves his performance. His time can already be 11.5-12 seconds (we are talking about an adult).
Further, if you deal stably and diligently, gradually this time will be reduced by tenths, then by hundredths of a second. What if you make a new world record holder?
The maximum running speed will differ depending on the discipline in which an athlete is involved. That is, athletes and runners at different distances show different speeds. The longer the marathon and the greater the distance, the lower the maximum speed.
Maximum loads very quickly deplete the reserves of our body.
And if the marathon runner starts running at the very beginning of the race, then he is unlikely to have enough strength to complete the competition.
That is why athletes who can run fast enough run long distances much slower than we might think.
It is more correct to speak about maximum speeds at sprint distances. About medium - long.
The maximum possible (record) speed of a person for today is 44.
7 km / h. The holder of the record for running 100 and 200 meters showed Usain Bolt - the fastest man in the world.
Prior to this, several runners fell into the book of records several times during the 20th century, but Bolt pushed them aside. Perhaps this is due to the system of recording results - after all, today is the age of electronic technology.
Bolt's record at a distance of 100 meters - 9.
58 seconds, and 200 - 19, 19 seconds.
This indicator can be used to compare the speed characteristics of long-distance runners. Although it is much more convenient to talk about the time for which the distance has passed.
Men with the first adult running rank show the following results:
Masters of sports of international class show results that are 3 km / h higher than the above.
By the way, the average speed of Usain Bolt sprinting is 37 km / h at a distance of 100 meters.
Let me remind you that the fastest sprint run belongs to him.
The highest speed at a distance of 42.2 km in 2013 was shown by Wilson Kipsang, who accelerated sharply after 35 km, running at that pace to the finish line. Apparently, the athlete found a good way to save energy. Its result is 2 hours 3 minutes and 23 seconds, a total of 7403 seconds.
Accordingly, its average speed at a distance of 42.2 was 20.5 km / h, which is 1 km / h higher than that of a master of sports of international class.
depend on. The average speed of a person’s running depends on his physical abilities: health status, physiology, and level of training.
Past diseases adversely affect speed characteristics. For example, fractures, injuries, operations leave their imprints. The more serious the health problem was, the slower the run.
By the way, when running, various processes occur in the body, depending on its speed. That is, fast and slow running affects our health in different ways.
High speed is needed for records, and slow running is called wellness.
Fast running is prohibited for people who have suffered myocardial infarction. And even the most healthy people in this category face one physiological difficulty. The heart partially loses its main ability - to effectively pump blood. Those who have suffered a heart attack, it is best after rehabilitation to do health-improving slow running or Nordic walking.
Problems with the lungs also negatively affect the speed, reducing the degree of oxygen absorption by the body.
Most people think that long legs are the key to high speeds. After all, the step is becoming wider and these same steps need to be done less. If you look at the new record holder - Bolt, you can see this. His height is 195 cm and his weight is 95 kg.
Despite its large size, it turned out to be faster than all other athletes. Who knows, maybe a champion will soon appear with a height of more than 2 meters.
At long distances, high growth is not so critical. Although it seems logical: the higher the growth, the greater the resistance the air has during running. Wilson Kipsang has a height of 1.
82 meters. This is also a lot, nevertheless - Wilson is a champion at a distance of 42.2 km.
Larger weight matters only if it is excessive. Physiologically, sprinters are somewhat heavier than marathon runners.
The former have more pronounced musculature, because it is it that allows you to develop maximum effort in a short time. The second ones are aimed at endurance, and each additional kilogram will significantly complicate the passage of a long distance.
In the case of Bolt, his 95 kg does not prevent him from being the fastest in the world, because this is his physiological norm. But he does not run marathons.
Wilson Kipsang is a little taller than average, but his weight is only 62 kg.
It is understandable, long races do not allow him to gain mass. At great distances, gravity becomes a tangible adversary. The less the marathon runner weighs, the faster and easier he will run the distance.
We conclude - for faster speed sprinters need to be strong and long-legged. And marathon runners are light and hardy.
Genetics decides a lot in our body. The rate of metabolic processes, the rate of muscle recovery, anaerobic threshold and aerobic endurance, the body's susceptibility to training. All these parameters will determine your high-speed ceiling.