How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

We understand how you can notice that a mental disorder is beginning to develop, and which specialist to contact for an accurate diagnosis.

ICD-10 (international classification of diseases of the tenth revision) defines mental disorder as a mental state that is different from normal . In a healthy state, a person adapts to life circumstances and solves problems. And he does it creatively - unconventionally and flexibly.

Mental disorders are divided into four groups: neurosis, borderline state of the psyche, psychosis, and organic brain damage.

You can determine a neurosis or incipient psychosis on your own if you are attentive to your mental and physical condition. It is difficult to consider a serious disease: one of the symptoms of psychosis is that the patient does not understand that something is wrong with him. Therefore, you need to carefully monitor your health, but without paranoia.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock. com

Increased anxiety.

If lately it seems that everything will go wrong, that nothing will work out, you constantly want to call your relatives to find out how you are doing - this is heightened anxiety. It arises for various reasons: stress, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic disorder. An accurate diagnosis, as in all other cases, will be made only by a specialist. Anxiety is considered an absolute symptom if it is difficult to cope with it: it is difficult to pull yourself together, exhale, switch, convince yourself that everything is going according to plan.

A sharp change in emotions.

Increased emotionality happens in almost every person. If you watch a movie and you have tears in the most dramatic moment, this is not a cause for concern. If a second ago you were angry, and now ask for forgiveness, and a minute later you are ashamed of all your actions - this is a sharp change in emotions. Her causes may be hormonal changes, stress, emotionally unstable personality disorder.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock.

com

Toxicity of emotions. Examples of toxic emotions: panic instead of fear, rage instead of anger, euphoria instead of joy. In all these cases, a person does not think clearly. This makes it difficult to make adequate decisions and depletes the body. Such a symptom may indicate bipolar disorder.

Decreased attention. Business coaches advise you to set an alarm every day at different times, and when it rings, ask yourself: "What am I doing now? Am I making mistakes?" If you try to apply this technique and cannot accurately answer the question within a few days, most likely your critical thinking has “fallen ill”. This may be due to stress, attention deficit disorder, or more serious disorders.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock. com

Turn off willpower.

Willpower is not an infinite resource. Sooner or later, it will be exhausted in every person, especially if the frontal lobe of the brain already works a lot. The presence of stress also affects this. But if the willpower is "cut off" completely and you cannot resist the temptations, this is a symptom. Try disabling bans - maybe you're just tired.

If will power does not return, perhaps this is the beginning of depression. Note whether the number of contacts with loved ones has decreased, whether you want to wake up in the morning, how long you laughed or cried. If you answered "decreased", "no", "long ago" - contact a specialist.

Loss of appetite and other desires. There is a symptom opposite to the previous one: there is time and opportunity to relax, but there is no desire.

The main reason is stress. See if you’ve been stressed out lately, or if there have been severe shocks. If all this was, the probable cause is post-traumatic disorder. If this is not the case, then watch for other symptoms - perhaps this is an emotionally unstable disorder or depression.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock.

com

Desire to be alone. There are many options, the main thing is to understand how consciously and often this desire appears. If you want to be alone because you are tired, this is normal. You can get tired of the closest people. If you feel abandoned or angry, this is more like a symptom.

Especially if increasing distance in relationships with people does not help and does not become easier. The main causes are depression or Asperger Syndrome. But Asperger syndrome rarely develops in adults and, among other things, manifests itself in the inability to read the emotions of other people.

The desire to be with other people all the time. If you are afraid to be alone, most likely you are in a dependent relationship.

Try to be objective and list the pros and cons of your partner. If there are more minuses than pluses, but at the same time you live together and cannot come up with any arguments (other than a habit) for staying, most likely this is a dependency.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock. com

Occurs all the time. Constantly means every day or regularly.

You can use the rule of colic: three hours a day, three days a week, the last three weeks. Moreover, colic in children, according to recent data, is associated not with gastrointestinal problems, but with the psychological state.

Not related to circumstances. If you are not experiencing severe stress - do not prepare for exams, do not pass a difficult project, - most likely, the symptoms are chronic. Remember, there have been no disturbing events lately: betrayal of a loved one, attempt on life, failures at work.

If not, then the symptoms are unlikely to be related to circumstances.

Deteriorating relationships with others, health, quality of life in general. If your family and friends complain about your behavior, this is an alarm call. Even if they do the last few years, perhaps the symptoms last all this time. Watch your health: if it worsens, this is an additional symptom.

If you get less and less pleasure from life, this is also a sign of a mental disorder.

How to understand what you need to contact a psychologist or psychotherapist: 8 signs

Photo: shutterstock. com

Psychological therapists, psychologists, psychiatrists solve psychological problems. You can turn to a psychologist - he will hold a consultation and will be able to advise a specific specialist, will help determine the specialization of the psychotherapist. Most often, psychotherapists work as part of gestalt therapy, art therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy.

Gestalt therapy works better with emotionally unstable personality disorder, depression, bipolar disorder. Cognitive-behavioral therapy works with the same disorders and psychological dependence. You can also contact a psychiatrist - do not be afraid of medication. Most psychiatrists use psychological techniques and prescribe drugs only in extreme cases.

.

Search

Related Articles