How to start figure skating: detailed instructions

What the skaters do on ice is like dancing. Ice dancing is a separate discipline of figure skating, in which the main thing is to demonstrate the skill of skating. Dancers do not perform jumps and do not raise their partner above their shoulders, while figure skating, which we are used to seeing, is impossible without






(for couples).

How to start figure skating: detailed instructions

Photo: shutterstock. com

Moreover, serious.

Figure skating as a separate sport was formed in the 1860s, in 1871 it was recognized at the 1st Congress of skaters, the first competitions were held in Vienna in 1882 among men. Figure skating was the first of winter sports that fell into the summer Olympic program in 1908 and in 1920 , and since 1924 it has been included in the program of the Winter Olympics . This is a competition with a clear structure, requirements, rules and prohibitions.

In figure skating there are four main disciplines:

  • single male,
  • female single,
  • pair e figure skating,
  • sports dancing .

Each discipline consists of two programs: short and arbitrary .

How to start figure skating: detailed instructions

Photo: shutterstock. com

Only the duration. A short program lasts a maximum of 2 minutes 50 seconds, while all the elements started after the 2:50 mark will not be counted. If the athlete or couple does not finish the program at the indicated time, then for every extra 5 seconds, the judge will remove one point from the total result. P the spontaneous program for women lasts 4 minutes, for sports couples and for men - 4.


Jumps are divided into two groups: costal, when the skater is repelled from the edge of the support skate, and percussion, when repelled by the prong ( toe) with free feet. The jumps of the Salkhov , Rittberger and axel are edge, and sheepskin coat , flip and lutz - serrated. The most difficult edge jump is the axel.

  • Axel is named after the Danish skater Axel Paulsen.

    The peculiarity of this jump: it is executed with a forward movement, while all the others - with a backward movement. Due to the fact that the skater jumps in front, the axel does not have a whole number of revolutions. A single axel is a half turn, a triple - three and a half. Axel in four and a half turns so far no skater has performed.

  • The sheepskin coat in English is called toe loo217, "loop on the toe," and has nothing to do with a fur coat.

    It is considered the easiest jump. Therefore, you will not see a single sheepskin coat performed by high-level skaters - too few points will be awarded for it.

  • Salkhov, next in complexity to the sheepskin coat, is named after Ulrich Salkhov, the Swedish figure skater, 1908 Olympic champion. When it is performed, the skater swings his free leg.
  • A little more complicated than the salchow - Rittberger , aka loop jump, named after the German skater Werner Rittberger .

    When entering the Rittberger, the skater crosses his legs and pushes off.

  • Jagged jumps flip and Lutz are executed from the reverse, pushing off from the same foot, which then lands. Lutz is executed from the outer rib, flip from the inner. Lutz is named after the Austrian skater Alois Lutz and is considered the most difficult jump in figure skating - yes, even harder than axel.

There is a whole series of seven videos with a member of the US Olympic team Michael Weiss, one video lesson per jump.

Even if you are not friends with English, the video will still be understandable:

And there is a drawn "Guide for beginners", where the jumps are shown slowly and with the direction of rotation:

Each jump has a basic “cost” depending on the complexity and number of turns. The more complex jumps in the program, the higher the possible score. For the execution of each element, all judges (there are nine) give a score of -3 to +3 points, this is called Grade of Execution, or GOE (translated from English - "level of performance." - Note.Ed.

) . Then the average GOE is calculated, multiplied by the element coefficient and added to the base "cost" of the jump. By the way, for performing a jump in the second half of the program, its basic "cost" increases by 10 percent.

For a skater falling, they are punished with a single penalty point and a maximum reduction in GOE per element. But if there are only one or two falls, and the program has a lot of complex elements, such a performance can get a higher rating than a perfectly rolled out, but simple program.

There is still a mark for the overall impression (instead of a mark for artistry, which existed in the old judging system). It consists of five components: skate ownership, connecting elements, the beauty of performance, the construction of the program and the transfer of music and image . Each of them is evaluated on a 10-point scale, average values ​​are displayed and summed. And in an arbitrary program, this estimate has a double coefficient compared to a short one.

How to start figure skating: detailed instructions

Photo: shutterstock.


Of course, for ours! In women's single figure skating, these are Alina Zagitova, Evgenia Medvedeva, Elizaveta Tuktamysheva, as well as Alexander Trusova and Anna Shcherbakova who just passed from junior competitions to adults. In the male, we are closely following Mikhail Kolyada, Alexander Samarin and Dmitry Aliyev. Of the pairs, the most successful are Evgenia Tarasova and Vladimir Morozov and Natalya Zabiyako and Alexander Enbert.

Firstly, from November 15 to 17, the Rostelecom Cup figure skating competitions will be held on the ice of the Megasport Moscow arena, where you can cheer on Evgeny Medvedev and Alexander Trusov. Secondly, this is only one of the series of Grand Prix stages in different countries.

How to start figure skating: detailed instructions

Photo: shutterstock. com



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