How to cope with anemia: causes, symptoms, degrees, treatment

In order to cure anemia, you need to cope with the cause that caused it. As we have already mentioned, the most common type of anemia is iron deficiency. As the name implies, it arises from the fact that the body lacks iron - a key component of hemoglobin. The reasons for this may be more than enough, but the most important of them are as follows: iron either does not receive enough food or is excessively excreted from the body. Doctors like to argue which of these reasons happens more often, but both of them are quite important.

A lot of iron is found in meat, liver, slightly less - in leafy vegetables, dried fruits, legumes, and even whole grain bread. Some products that we see on store shelves are specially enriched with iron. However, the ability to absorb iron from food in humans is very limited: no more than a few milligrams per day. That is why making up for iron loss with drugs or food is not a quick task. For proper effects, weeks and months are needed.

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How to cope with anemia: causes, symptoms, degrees, treatment

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Since iron is so difficult to digest, our body had to learn how to treat it carefully and save everything in every possible way. Most of the iron from red blood cells that have outlived their life (and they live a maximum of one and a half to two months) is used again. Thus, the amount of iron in the body is a very stable value. However, then why does iron deficiency anemia occur so often? The answer is simple - either because of the loss of iron, or because of the increased need for it.

Anemia often affects women. Perhaps you already understood why: after all, the female body loses a small amount of blood every month. And with it - a little valuable iron contained in the hemoglobin of red blood cells. Its quantity is small, but you already know that iron loss is difficult to replenish with food, and especially if they are regular. However, in the same way, any bleeding leads to anemia: whether it is an injury or chronic loss of blood as a result of a stomach ulcer or a tumor in the intestine.

That is why chronic anemia is a concern in elderly patients whose tumor risk is particularly high.

Another risk category for anemia is children. At certain stages of development, it is observed in almost every child: this occurs during the so-called "growth spikes", when the child grows quickly and experiences an increased need for iron. For similar reasons, pregnant women need more iron.

However, the risk of developing anemia due to malnutrition should also not be discounted.

True, it is often associated not only with a lack of iron, but with a lack of vitamin B 12 in food. In this case, anemia is called B 12 -deficient and occurs due to a violation of the formation of red blood cells (this vitamin is involved in this process). Vitamin B 12 is rich in animal foods: meat, milk, fish and eggs. In this regard, vegans are usually advised to drink special dietary supplements in order to avoid its deficiency.

In addition to the reasons listed above, anemia can be a consequence of chronic kidney disease (it is in the kidneys that erythropoietin is formed - a hormone that stimulates the formation of red blood cells), any chronic infections and inflammations, hereditary causes and side effects of a number of drugs.

However, the main factor leading to anemia is still iron deficiency.

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