How to choose cross-country skiing: tips from a master of sports

Fyodor Tikhonov, a journalist and master of sports in skiing, talks about all the subtleties and nuances that you should pay attention to when choosing the perfect pair of cross-country skiing.

Cross-country skiing is not only an ideal way to spend a weekend, but also a powerful cardio training, in which absolutely all muscle groups are involved. In just one hour of skiing, you will burn as much as 700 calories (for comparison, in an hour of running you will only use 540 calories). And to make skiing a pleasure, it is important to choose the right equipment - this is what we will tell you now.

How to choose cross-country skiing: tips from a master of sports

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There are two types of skis : for skating and classic riding. In sections of children, the classical course is usually taught first - the skis are directed straight ahead when moving, the main emphasis is on the hands, so the load on the legs is minimal. It is still easier for an amateur to start with a skating course, which requires the participation of not only arms but also legs. With this move, the skier pushes his foot off the track at an angle to the direction of movement, which from the side resembles running on skates.

Skis also differ from each other depending on their quality and purpose - there are top models, there are a bit easier, but there are samples, in principle, designed exclusively for tourism.

The difference is primarily in materials, weight, working and external characteristics. And meanwhile, the quality of glide and the number of calories burned are largely dependent on these indicators. But here, of course, it is important to be aware - if the last time you were skiing at school, then choosing a top model, you are unlikely to go faster than if you preferred a simpler option.

How to choose cross-country skiing: tips from a master of sports

Photo: f92ckr. com

So, you came to the store, and the first thing you need to pay attention to when choosing cross-country skiing is the size.

The correct length of skates is calculated according to the principle: your height plus 10-15 centimeters, classic skis - your height plus 20-30 centimeters. Please note that the longer the ski (even within the specified ranges), the more technical skills you will need when skiing. People with a height of 190 centimeters and above can safely take maximum sizes: for skating skis it is about 190 centimeters, and for classic skis - 207-210 centimeters.

The second most important indicator is rigidity. To determine it, there is special equipment - flextester.

But since it is far from available in all stores, there are two ways to do this:

  1. Carefully attach the skis with a sliding surface to each other and squeeze them with one hand in the center (under the shoe). If you have enough power in the hand to squeeze it almost to the point where the sliding surfaces touch (almost - with a gap of 1.5 millimeters for classic skis and 2 millimeters for skates), then these skis are ideal for you (it is believed that the power of the brush is proportional foot repulsion force). In this case, the skis should be compressed smoothly throughout the compression course and all the way to the end. It is worth noting that this method is suitable only for classic skis, and to determine the rigidity of the ridge pair, you need to squeeze them with both hands so that the gap between the skis does not exceed 2-4 millimeters.

    Happened? So fit.

  2. Lay the skis symmetrically on the floor (for example, on a thin hard carpet so as not to damage their surface) and stand on them (you can in ordinary shoes), evenly distributing the body weight on both legs. In this position, the shoe should not touch the floor from three centimeters below the boot heel and up to 20 centimeters above the boot toe. If you hold a sheet of paper under the block, then it is within these limits that the sheet will move freely under you, and above and below the specified boundaries, on the contrary, it will get stuck. If you transfer the body weight on one leg (this is called "crush the ski"), then the block should almost completely touch the floor (there will be a gap of about 0.

    5 millimeters).

How to choose cross-country skiing: tips from a master of sports

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with how to choose sticks for skiing, everything is much simpler - they are also divided into top, medium and low models and have different gradations of quality. The stick is more expensive and professional, the lighter and stronger. But despite the strength and lack of vibration when repelled, it is easy to break it with a blow of a sharp object.

This often happens in races when a lateral and often accidental ski strike actually cuts off a piece of the stick. However, cheap amateur sticks can be broken by any professional, just pushing hard at the start. The size of the skate sticks is selected as follows: your height minus 20 centimeters for skating skis and your height minus 30 centimeters for classic skis. At the same time, the size of the sticks may vary slightly depending on your readiness - for example, professionals such as Petter Nortug often choose the highest possible images (naturally, within reasonable limits).

Cross-country skiing can not do without ski boots.

Ski boots are an absolutely individual thing. There are many indicators that cannot be measured in any way, and it is possible to understand whether this or that model suits you only in practice. Boots come in three types - skate, classic and combination (there are still boots for a duathlon, but this is not relevant for a beginner). Depending on the manufacturer, they have a different block, the height of the heels, the lacing system and, in principle, differ from each other by the material of manufacture. Size is selected individually, and this procedure is not much different from buying ordinary shoes.

You should be comfortable in the shoes of the correct size - the leg should not dangle (especially in the ankle area for skate shoes) and numb. Classic shoes are selected strictly according to size - if they are a little large, then it will not work out well. As well as cycling shoes, ski boots cannot be dried on a battery - they become tight and can become deformed.

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