How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Everyone knows that you need to use shampoos and conditioners. But there are also masks, balms, serums, sprays, ampoules, scrubs ... Why all this? And do you personally need it? We deal with beauty expert and blogger Olya Tretyakova.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Photo: shutterstock. com

Most people have enough two products: shampoo and rinse aid. We tell you how to select them .

It would seem , it's simple: this tool is needed to cleanse hair. Then why is it pleasant to use some shampoos, while others irritate the scalp and make your hair dull and dry?

When choosing a shampoo, you need to consider:

  • type of your hair ( oily, dry, normal );
  • purpose (there are hygienic, prophylactic and therapeutic shampoos);
  • the effect you want to achieve (there are tinting dark or a light shade and preserving the brightness of already dyed hair shampoos, as well as smoothing products and shampoos for curly hair );
  • degree of exposure (there are deep cleansers , and there are mild shampoos );
  • what remedy do you need - liquid or dry .

What are the main features of shampoos for different types of hair?

In shampoos for oily hair (correctly speaking - for oily scalp) add drying and self-regulating components: zinc, salicylic acid, fruit acids, extracts of nettle, chamomile, tea tree and aloe. Example: Shampoo "7 herbs", Shauma.

In shampoos for dry hair - moisturizing and nourishing ingredients: oils, lanolin - A natural wax that helps to glue the tips together. Example : Moisurizing Drench Shampoo, Icon.

Shampoos for normal hair have a neutral, i.

e. close to our own, pH (5-7) . Example : Shampoo for normal hair and sensitive scalp, Neutrale (pH: 4.2-5.2).

Shampoos for severely damaged hair contain proteins that fill the voids in the hair and make them smoother and shinier . Example : Sulfate-free shampoo with proteins for damaged hair Quinoa Protein Hair Shampoo, Aromatica.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Shampoo "7 herbs", Shauma

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Moisturizing Shampoo icon Moisurizing Drench Shampoo, Icon

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Shampoo for normal hair and sensitive skin scalp, Neutrale

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Sulfate-free shampoo with proteins for damaged hair Quinoa Protein Hair Shampoo, Aromatica

Giving volume shampoos contain polymer compounds. They envelop the hair - hence the extra volume. Example: Maximum Volume Shampoo, Biopoint.

In shampoos for colored hair - mild detergents and an increased dose of caring components (oils and proteins), giving softness and gloss. Example : Shampoo for dyed normal and fine hair Brilliance, Wella Professionals.

In tinted shampoos there are pigments that support hair color. Example : Estel Professional shampoo.

Soft shampoos do not contain aggressive detergents - SLS and SLES (on the packaging they are designated as sodium lauryl sulfate and sodium laureth sulfate).

Instead, they use milder surfactants ( surfactants ), for example cocamidopropyl betaine, or natural ingredients such as soap nut (sapindus mukorossi fruit extract). Example : soap nut shampoo, Ecosphere.

A dry shampoo is a powder spray that absorbs excess fat from the roots and thereby refreshes the look of hair and visually increases their volume. Example : Instant Volume Dry Shampoo, Nioxin.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Shampoo "Maximum volume", Biopoint

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Shampoo for colored normal and fine hair Brilliance, Wella Professionals

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Tinted shampoo Estel Professional

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Shampoo based on soap nut , Ecosphere

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Both that, and another - means for food and facilitate combing.

Apply to wet hair for several minutes, and then rinse off. You must also choose these products based on the type of hair. Balms and conditioners can be light or, conversely, nutritious.

Nutrient there are only balms, and they are not suitable for daily use. The exception is if you have very dry hair, but in this case you don’t wash your hair every day - they simply do not have time to get dirty so quickly.

Example : Gentle care balm for dry hair, Zeitun.

Air conditioners are lighter and are suitable for daily use. Example : hair conditioner "Refreshing lime", Organic Shop.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Gentle dry hair balm, Zeitun

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Hair conditioner “Refreshing lime”, Organic Shop

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Photo: shutterstock. com

In this case, you You will need nutritious or cleansing special products - masks, serums and shots.

The mask is a balm in squared. Such products are saturated with oils and proteins, and also contain many vitamins. They are for different purposes: nutrition, hydration, protection, stimulation of hair growth. But it is always a concentrated and nutritious remedy. For this reason, they are used infrequently, 1-2 times a week, and kept on wet hair for 5-10 minutes.

Example : nourishing hair mask Egg Protein, Label.

As a rule, a mask is the final stage of care, to which they go after washing the hair. But there are also masks that are used before washing. These are oil nourishing masks or clay masks - cleansing and self-regulating. They need to be washed off with shampoo.

Example : hair mask "3 valuable clays", Elseve L'Oreal Paris.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Nutritious Hair Mask Egg Protein, Label

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Hair mask "3 valuable clays", Elseve L'Oreal Paris

It is believed that masks do not need to be applied to the scalp, only to the length of the hair, otherwise the roots get dirty faster. But this is true only for protein, nourishing masks. Cleansers, on the contrary, are applied to the roots.

Serums, like masks saturated with nutrients.

Their difference is that they are not cream, but on a water or oil basis. The composition contains elastin, plant extracts, biopolymers, provitamins and oils. Serums are moisturizing, nourishing, anti-dandruff or gluing split ends.

Typically, serum is applied to the scalp, and not to the length of the hair. But there are exceptions, so the main thing is to read the instructions.

Example : hair serum "SOS-restoration, healthy tips", Fructis, Garnier.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Serum for hair "SOS-restoration, healthy tips", Fructis, Garnier

If masks and serums do not help to cope with the problem, ampoules will be required. These are the most concentrated care products designed to restore and enhance hair growth. There are medical ampoules, but we will not dwell on them in detail, they can be prescribed by a doctor - a trichologist.

Restoring ampoules (they are also called concentrates or shots) are usually in the assortment of brands of professional cosmetics.

Their goal is intensive hair nutrition, saturation with vitamins, proteins and oils.Some use ampoules in the process of dyeing hair to damage them less.

Ampoules can be used in courses or once. The advantages of ampoules and shots is that they are tight: they contain a single dose of the active substance.

Example : restorative ampoules Nutritive, Kérastase.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Recovery ampoules Nutritive, Kérastase

Spray is a nutritious care product with moisturizing and protective properties. Moreover, it is not necessarily easy: the sprays can be oil, two-phase (in the composition there are both oil and water) or water.

They are applied to dry or wet hair, do not require rinsing, and the functions can be performed very different: nourish, give shine, facilitate combing, protect from UV radiation, pollution, harmful styling with hot tools .

Example : "Extreme recovery" Gliss Kur, Schwarzkopf.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Extreme Recovery Spray Gliss Kur, Schwarzkopf

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Photos : shutterstock.

com

Scrubs needed to remove excess sebum, dirt and styling products from the skin surface, cleanse the ducts of the sebaceous glands and stimulate blood circulation (and this stimulates hair growth).

In the composition of head scrubs - as well as similar products for the face and body - there are abrasive particles of a natural origin (sugar, coffee, ground bones of berries) or artificial (polymers).

Apply them to wet hair roots before or after shampoo (usually indicated on the label), gently massage the scalp, and then wash off the product.

Example : Scrub for intensive cleansing of the scalp Deep Micro-Exfoliating Scalp Treatment, Kiehl's.

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Scrub for intensive cleansing of the scalp Deep Micro-Exfoliating Scalp Treatment, Kiehl's

How to care for your hair: a detailed guide

Photo: shutterstock.

com

Treatment shampoos, balms , masks, ampoules and serums - a separate category. They are sold in pharmacies and contain increased doses of therapeutic components that help fight seborrhea, dermatitis, hair loss. Such shampoos are best selected with a dermatologist ohm or trichologist.

There are a lot of hair care products, but most people have enough shampoo and rinse aid. They need to be selected according to the type of hair, and also based on your goals.

For those who have damaged or problem hair, you can pay attention to additional funds - masks, serums, ampoules. Fans of using styling products should not neglect hair scrubs for better cleansing of the scalp.

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