How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

According to the WHO,

2.2 billion

people with visual impairments live in the world - and a billion people could prevent these problems . Julia Perekatova, ophthalmologist

Zeiss Vision Center

, answers the most important “eye” questions and explains how to maintain healthy vision.

- Some eye diseases occur due to heredity, others due to external factors such as infections and injuries. And there are inflammatory complications - then a person complains of swelling, redness and purulent discharge from the eyes, vascular problems - in this situation there are outbreaks and dark spots in front of the eyes and age-related diseases like

macular degeneration

, which often occurs in people 50-60 years old.

- These are the problems that ophthalmologists call "

refractive errors

", or "refractive errors." For example:

  • myopia - when the light flux does not reach the retina and focuses in front of it. In this case, a person does not see well into the distance;
  • farsightedness - when the light flux is focused behind the retina. Then a person does not see well near;
  • astigmatism is a congenital disorder in the shape of the cornea, lens and sometimes the whole eye. With astigmatism, the rays are focused both behind the retina and in front of it.

    In this case, a person sees the world blurry - regardless of distance.

It is impossible to prevent refractive errors, but doctors can correct them with glasses, lenses, or laser surgery.

How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

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-

Dry eye syndrome

is the most common problem that everyone can face. This is a situation where tears cease to be enough to moisturize the mucous membrane of the eye.

The problem is largely connected with the features of modern life: we have long been in front of the screens of computers, smartphones, tablets. Many have acquired the bad habit of watching TV in a dark room.

When we read from electronic devices, our eyes blink less often, which leads to insufficient hydration of the cornea and muscle strain. As a result, the eyes turn red, there is a burning sensation and other unpleasant sensations.

- Fortunately, with dry eye syndrome most people can

help themselves

:

  • place the screen exactly at eye level,
  • take regular breaks in reading,
  • use a humidifier,
  • get enough sleep,
  • give up smoking,
  • avoid smoky dry rooms.

If all else fails and dry eyes last longer than a week, contact your ophthalmologist. The doctor will be convinced that there are no more serious eye problems, and will tell you what to do next, for example, recommend drops.

How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

Photo: shutterstock. com

- Alas, people often become enemies to their own eyes. Many mistakenly believe that if they have one hundred percent vision, then this is forever and do not need to be taken care of.

Here are the most common ways to spoil your eyesight:

  • do not visit an ophthalmologist if there are eye problems - because of this, you can miss the time when there’s a better chance to correct the problem with minimal losses;
  • to wear sunglasses only in the summer - this despite the fact that ultraviolet light threatens vision all year round. Experts from the American Optometry Association believe that people of any gender and age need to protect their eyes with hats and sunglasses with an ultraviolet coating;
  • do not get enough sleep and read from a smartphone - this increases the risk of the syndrome dry eyes.

- A lot depends on exactly how you use gadgets. In general, paper literature is safer. But if you read in transport or lying on the couch without proper lighting, your eyes will strain.

Because of this, headaches can occur.

Smartphones, computers and televisions have another problem - their screens glow with a blue-violet light. There is evidence that the blue-violet light when reading from the screen at bedtime prevents it from getting enough sleep and adversely affects the photoreceptors of the eye.

Before going to bed, it is better to read paper books or protect your eyes with glasses or lenses with a coating that blocks ultraviolet and blue-violet light. At Zeiss Vision Center, we recommend special lenses with BlueProtect coating, which allows you to use electronic devices without harming eye health.

How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

Photo: shutterstock. com

- Indeed,

Some foods

are good for eye health. These are citrus fruits, vegetable oils, nuts, whole grain products, dark green leafy vegetables and fish that live in cold waters, such as herring or cod.

- As for carrots or blueberries, it’s good for the eyes there are actually not as many substances in them as is commonly believed. In addition, they can be obtained from other products.

So there are really no good reasons to consume more blueberries or carrots.

How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

Photo: shutterstock. com

- Vitamins and nutrients that are in foods and supplements -

for example

lutein and Zeaxanthin, Vitamin C, Vitamin E and Zinc are useful for the prevention of vision problems, but they will not help to restore it completely. But if you make sure that your diet is varied and balanced, there is no need to take additional vitamins.

However, with myopia, the doctor may recommend taking vitamins at certain times of the year.

This will not help improve vision, but may slow its decline.

  1. Take breaks when you are working on computer . Try the 20/20 rule: every 20 minutes for 20 seconds, turn away from the screen and look at something located far away. For example, a window of a neighboring house, a tree or a lamppost. This will help relieve eye strain.

  2. Moisturize your eyes . When working at a computer, try to monitor the frequency of blinking - people forget about it, which causes dry eyes. If it does not help, you should buy an air humidifier or an “artificial tear” - over-the-counter eye drops. All this will help to avoid dry eye syndrome.
  3. Protect your health .

    Try to get enough sleep and eat properly and variably, do not forget to rinse your makeup off at night.

  4. In no case do not suffer eye pain . In case of discomfort, consult an ophthalmologist as soon as possible.

How not to spoil your eyesight: 10 important questions for an ophthalmologist about eye health

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