Strength disciplines - bodybuilding, powerlifting, weightlifting - are based on basic exercises, one of which is squatting with a barbell. The use of this element in training programs allows athletes to increase muscle mass and develop strength indicators.
The classical technique of the exercise involves the location of the bar on the trapezius muscle and posterior deltoids. In this case, support for the neck with your hands is a prerequisite. But there are times when an athlete cannot fix the projectile on the upper back, for example, with shoulder injuries.
For such situations, the famous athlete Frederick Hatfield has developed a specialized neck.
From childhood, Frederick Hatfield (Frederick C. Hatfield, there is also a spelling option for the name Hatfield) was fond of various sports: running, American football, basketball. After serving in the army, he enrolled at South Connecticut State University, where he did gymnastics and performed at national championships. In 1969, Hatfield successfully completed his studies with a bachelor's degree in physical development and rehabilitation.
In 1973 he received his doctorate in sports psychology and sociology.
After graduation, he taught at universities throughout America for several years. At the same time, Hatfield did not forget about sports. He was fond of weightlifting professionally, but, not getting into the country's Olympic team, he switched to powerlifting. In the 80s, he decided to leave the professorship and do business.
His passion for strength disciplines helped him establish a company producing sports equipment and food.
Powerlifting brought fame to Hatfield. At the age of 45, an elderly athlete was able to crouch with a barbell of 1014 pounds (460 kg), setting an absolute record. The weight of Frederick himself at that time was 115 kg.
Thanks to achievements in power disciplines, he was given the popular nickname "Doctor Squat".
After this, Hatfield was increasingly invited as a consultant and coach at various sports events.
At one of the training sessions, Frederick severely damaged his shoulder joint, which meant a long recovery period and the refusal of squats with a barbell. The athlete was thinking about how to continue training and at the same time not aggravate the injury. After several attempts, he managed to create a bar for safe squats.
The projectile made it possible to balance the load on the musculoskeletal system and free the shoulders.
Subsequently, the exercise was called "Hatfield squats.
Quadriceps are the largest muscles of the lower extremities. Therefore, their development directly affects the athlete's ability to squat. The bar developed by Hatfield allows you to load quadriceps muscles and increase the "explosive" strength of the legs. We will analyze other advantages of this projectile:
In classic squats, when using large weights, the athlete involuntarily begins to “round” his back, which often leads to displacement of the intervertebral discs and injury. Using the Hatfield neck for power squats, the athlete gets the opportunity to hold his hands on the racks and thereby maintain the vertical position of the back during exercise.
Of course, in competitions no one will allow you to hold on to the emphasis, but as a training exercise, such squats have a positive effect on progress.
In such a situation, the athlete can safely squat, and with his hands hold the racks to maintain balance.
The advantages of the Hatfield neck also include the position of the pancakes. The projectile is designed so that the center of gravity is not in line with the shoulders, but slightly lower. This reduces the dangerous load on the shoulder girdle.
Squats with a safe bar are no different in performance from the classic ones. Exercise qualitatively loads the muscles of the legs, strengthens the ligamentous apparatus and stimulates the growth of muscle mass.
Hatfield Squat Technique:
Recommendations from Frederick Hatfield: