Exercise therapy exercises are designed to strengthen the muscles weakened for any reason. The most relevant thing today is exercise therapy for the back, since the spine is the most common site of pathological changes. And it is these changes that greatly spoil the life of man.
Therapeutic physical culture is a large group of special physical exercises, the purpose of which is to help restore the tone of any muscle groups. From the point of view of anatomy and physics, the most vulnerable spot in the human body is the back and spinal column: from the sacrum itself to the neck.
Therefore, the most relevant today is therapeutic exercises for the back.
There are a lot of exercises in physiotherapy exercises. You already know some of them, because for sure, at least once in your life you did exercises.
In the neurological department often come people who can not straighten. Once their back was pinched, and on their own they can not straighten up.
This is due to pinching of some nerve due to the fact that the muscle corset of the lower back cannot provide adequate protection to the spine.
Why are back exercises so necessary? See for yourself:
So, for example, the longest muscle of the back, running along the spine, is constantly under stress. During a long and motionless sitting, blood flow is difficult for her, which reduces her ability.
So gradually, depending on our bad habits, the muscles of the body lose their ability to reduce spinal compression, the intervertebral cartilages are erased, and the spinal nerves are pinched. It causes pain and limited mobility.
Thus, the back requires training. If you do not go to the gym, do not exercise in the morning, you are overweight (even if you just have a stomach), one day you will have to perform medical and health exercises to save your back from the progression of diseases.
Gymnastics to strengthen the muscles of the back is not the only type of exercise therapy.
First of all, physical therapy is designed to restore muscle tone of any part of the body. For example, after prolonged wearing of gypsum and forced immobility, muscle rehabilitation is required.
As for the back, this is a separate issue, since almost half of the entire earthly population needs exercise therapy for the spine.
The most vulnerable part of the spine is the neck, because the vertebrae here are the smallest and most fragile. She holds her head, the mass of which can reach 2 or more kg.
Imagine - most of the day the neck muscles hold this weight. Titanic work that we do not notice. And add to this a long sitting position, bowing your head to the side or stretching your neck forward. Under such conditions, not only is the blood supply difficult, but the load is distributed unevenly. Some muscles are loaded more than others and can not stand.
So what is needed and therapeutic exercises for the neck.
As a result, the classification of physical exercises can be based on the following:
These are all conditional classifications. Often, the same exercises are used to achieve several goals.
Any disease has several periods. For example, the manifestation of osteochondrosis of the spine can be divided into 2 stages. An acute period, and then there is a decrease in the severity of symptoms and the rehabilitation stage. And at each stage, their own exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back.
Depending on the severity of diseases of the back, special exercises will be different.
And they differ in their complexity and load.
It is worth starting the exercises only after relieving the acute pain.
For example, the primary set of exercises can be this:
Alternately raise each arm up as if you were swimming on your back - 10 strokes for each arm.
Try to draw even circles.
The roller was removed, the legs bent at the knees. Alternately pull each leg with your knee to your chest. 10 times.
These exercises are suitable for daily use. You see that a very light load is used for treatment. But it is enough to help a person.
When the acute period is over, you can do a more serious set of exercise therapy exercises.
When the symptoms are no longer so strong, you can gradually increase the load. But listen to your body - if something hurts (sharp pain) - reduce the amplitude of the movement. This will definitely help.
Repeat the movement 10 times.
Well done, now more difficult exercises when the pain subsided!
At this stage, when the pain is gone, you need to gradually strengthen the muscles of the spine, so that they withstand the usual load for your life.
The main goals are the press, the longest muscle of the spine (all its parts), the muscles of the core.
The complex is as follows:
Press your lower back to the floor. At first, this can cause pain, so first you need to work with each leg individually.
Just try to touch your knees to your chest.
If this works out well for you, wrap your arms around your legs and stretch closer to your feet. When performing the exercise, try to maintain a bend in the lower back, which is characteristic for proper posture.
There are many exercises, as already mentioned. You need to regularly perform them and monitor your feelings.
Here are some simple tips to help you recover faster:
But, do not immediately abandon the exercise if it causes soreness. Reduce the range of motion and conduct an experiment. As a result, you will know exactly at what stage the pain occurs and where to stop.