We are used to explain temper, irritability, anger, and even a sharp change in mood with a complex character. But in fact, behind these emotional outbursts, a very serious mental illness can be hidden.
According to various estimates of specialists, emotionally unstable personality disorder is observed in 2-5% of the world population. More often the disease occurs in women. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) is also called borderline personality disorder.
Scientists cannot fully understand what causes the disease - education or genetic abnormalities. There is a hypothesis that the DRD4 gene is responsible for impulsivity and curiosity. Other scholars believe that childhood shocks are the cause - psychological or physical abuse, emotional alienation of parents and lack of concern on their part. It is believed that the disorder is more common in people whose relatives suffered from the same disease or other mental illness.
You can notice a person’s emotionally unstable personality disorder by a number of signs (there must be at least three):
All these signs are permanent.
People with emotionally unstable personality disorder can rarely admit it themselves, much less ask for help. This is due to a holistic view of oneself - a person does not understand that something is going wrong, or writes off the condition to circumstances. Therefore, the only right decision will be to send a person to a specialist.
Only a psychiatrist can make a diagnosis. He carefully observes the patient's behavior for some time, paying particular attention to emotional reactions.
The problem of emotionally unstable personality disorder is that it can be confused with impulsive behavior associated with stress. At the same time, about 10% of people with this diagnosis attempt suicide. It is worth contacting a specialist even if there are vague suspicions of an emotionally unstable disorder.
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Most often, emotionally unstable personality disorder is treated using therapeutic techniques without resorting to medication.
The fact is that there is no completely working tool. Now they are researching nasal sprays containing the hormone oxytocin. This hormone relaxes a person and makes him more attentive to himself and other people. But the effectiveness of these drugs has not yet been experimentally confirmed.
There are two main treatment methods: gestalt therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Gestalt therapy trains awareness very well. The patient comes in for one-hour sessions and may just be himself next to the doctor. The therapist does not ask questions, does not try to unearth the past, but focuses on what is happening here and now with the patient. If this causes an emotional breakdown, the doctor somehow reacts to it and together they learn to live through crisis moments. The doctor with the help of feedback shows that he can not be ashamed of even strong emotions and changes and control them if necessary.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is good at training constructive behaviors. During hourly sessions, the doctor teaches the patient to be aware of their behavior, to separate the harmful from the useful, and to use constructive methods more often. The problem of emotionally unstable disorder in a small number of behavioral methods - a person can only scream, cry and be offended. The doctor, on the other hand, helps him find new ways and not use them in a pattern, but approach them flexibly.
Because of the danger of the disorder, specialists do not recommend self-medication, but studies show that there are techniques that help undergo therapy.
Meditation. Helps to train mindfulness not only in the doctor’s office. The deep breathing technique helps to relax, and constant attention to breathing and your own body develops awareness.
Having learned to control the body, a person will gradually gain control over the emotional state. And team sports will help to find a common language with the team and learn how to live in it.
Creativity. One of the problems of an emotionally unstable disorder is unexpressed emotions. To throw out excessive fear, anger, joy, you can sculpt, draw, sew, write poetry.
Daily mode. Emotional instability can be compensated for by a tight schedule. In addition, with the help of a schedule, you can set triggers that help you keep yourself in control. For example, every three hours asking yourself: “How are I doing”, “What do I feel”, “Do I understand what I am doing”.