We tell how refusing to use your personal car will help to maintain your physical and emotional health (and also why this is a great way to save money and reduce the harmful effects on the environment).
There are many reasons to refuse travel by personal transport. Let's look at the main ones.
In two hours you can overcome 10-14 kilometers on foot and spend about 400-600 kcal (depending on the speed of movement and body weight). But many residents of megalopolises spend the same two hours a day, trying to get to their office or home on busy roads and burning only 100-200 kcal.
One of the
of the World Health Organization says that physical inertia (inadequate physical activity) leads to poor health worldwide and is considered one of the most important risk factors that can cause early of death.
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During one of
it has been proven that driving is a stressful situation for a person. At the same time, driving in high traffic conditions is associated with an additional increase in the level of stress for the motorist (this is equally characteristic of both men and women).
Here's what the expert says about this
Transport is really the main source of air pollution in large Russian cities.
Every year there are more and more cars, the exhaust volume is also increasing. It is with transport that the appearance of nitrogen oxides, sulfur carbon in the air. These substances are oxidizing agents, they have an irritating effect on the body. In significant concentrations, they can cause coughing, sore throat, decreased immunity, increased frequency of colds - due to the fact that irritation of the mucous membranes occurs and the barrier function of the body worsens. Some of the problems with human skin can be associated with the action of these substances.
Over the past 20 years, the cost of a liter of gasoline in Russia has grown more than
(from 2 to 45 rubles per liter). Today, a two-hour trip through traffic jams from home to office and back can cost a motorist 400-600 rubles (depending on the make of the car, fuel consumption, weather conditions and driving style). In addition, the car requires regular maintenance, replacement of consumables. Plus payment for parking and - sometimes - fines.
So is it worth the habit of continuing to use your own car in the metropolis and continue to stand in traffic jams? Let's see what types of transport and means of transportation will help you lead an active lifestyle and leave a smaller footprint in the ecology of a modern city.
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Megacities are getting bigger adapted for cycling. New bike paths and bike parking are appearing, and for those who do not have a personal two-wheeled vehicle, numerous rental points are equipped. The cost of renting a bicycle, for example, in the Moscow service
, starts at 120 rubles per day. Trips of less than 30 minutes, subject to a monthly fee - 0 rubles.
Electric bicycles will help you to overcome long distances or difficult sections of the path - for example, long or steep climbs. For an hour of cycling, you can burn from 200 to 1,000 kcal. And how many positive emotions!
More recently, scooters were considered exclusively youthful means of transportation. But the townspeople quickly appreciated the convenience and simplicity of this technical tool. Today, people of all ages use scooters.
It’s hardly worth going for long distances with a scooter (unless it’s an electric model), but you can easily fold it and drive a couple of metro stations with it, and then continue on. For an hour riding a scooter, a person burns 300-500 calories. You can buy or rent a scooter - for example, the service
works in Moscow.
Segway is an electric two-wheeled vehicle that can be controlled with steering wheel. Most models can cover about 40 km on a single battery charge (speed - about 20 km / h).
There are real all-terrain vehicles adapted for driving on rough terrain, which means that you can plan your route to work not only on asphalt roads, but also through the park. You can learn how to manage a Segway in 15 minutes. However, keep in mind that in terms of increasing the physical activity of segways, you are not an assistant.
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If bicycles, scooters, segways seem you are too bulky, pay attention to the unicycle.
This vehicle is convenient to store in the apartment - it will not take up much space. In large cities, there are rental points where you can rent a monowheel. During the ride (speed can reach 30 km / h), you constantly have to keep balance, so a ride on a unicycle is a good exercise. If operating this device does not seem easy, take a few lessons from the instructor.
The ecological footprint of public transport is much smaller than that of personal .
The best indicators in this regard are for trams, trolleybuses, electric buses, subways. On this page you can find the
calculator of the eco-sequence
of public transport and compare it with the eco-sequence of your car, taking into account the model and type of fuel.The cost of travel in public transport is much lower than the cost of refueling a personal car. You can relax or read on public transport on the way to work or home. It is better to plan the route so that there are sections that can be walked on.
programmer, uses the bicycle and car sharing
from I’m going a little over 15 kilometers to work at home. Due to constant traffic jams, I can overcome this path in a car in about an hour. On a bicycle - about the same time, sometimes faster. But I don’t feel tired, and after an hour of driving through traffic jams I am exhausted.
I have a big family, and if I need to go somewhere with my children, I use car sharing or a taxi. We rarely need a car; car sharing and taxis help save the family budget. A personal car would cost us a lot more.