A sore throat: why, what to do and how to cure

Inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane of the pharynx, larynx, or trachea are the main provocateurs of sore throat. The mucous membranes and tonsils increase in size - and it becomes difficult for you to swallow. And irritation of nerve receptors gives a feeling of perspiration and other discomfort. Grasped by the throat? Take your time running for the medicine.

A sore throat: why, what to do and how to cure

Photo: doctormurray.


The general rule for any cold is to drink enough fluids. This reduces intoxication and accelerates the elimination of destroyed viruses. To relieve a sore throat, drink both warm and cool drinks more often. For example, drinking cold juice or thawed ice cream has an analgesic effect by reducing swelling and inflammation of the oropharynx (resorption of a piece of ice will have a similar effect). But the use of lozenges with antiseptics or antibacterial drugs is rather unnecessary - the effect of such drugs is only superficial and is not able to accelerate the healing process, resorption of lozenges can soften the throat only due to the large secretion of saliva.

A sore throat: why, what to do and how to cure

Photo: doctormurray. com

  1. With a combination of the following symptoms: severe sore throat, fever (above 38.2), swollen lymph nodes in the absence cough and runny nose. In this case, the risk of bacterial (streptococcal) damage to the oropharynx is high, so the doctor must decide on the appointment of antibiotics.
  2. In case of moderate sore throat with rains on the tonsils, severe nasal congestion, fever and swollen lymph nodes.

    It is required to exclude infectious mononucleosis. In this situation, antibiotics are often mistakenly prescribed, and the symptoms of the disease should only be alleviated.

  3. With severe one-sided sore throat (when it is difficult for you to swallow and it is impossible to fully open your mouth), accompanied by weakness and fever. It is important to exclude paratonsillitis, as well as its transition to a paratonsillar abscess, which may require the appointment of antibiotics or even surgical intervention.
  4. When blood appears in saliva or severe shortness of breath.

    Any inflammatory process can lead to hemoptysis, for example, due to increased fragility of blood vessels or dry throat. If blood in the saliva or shortness of breath began to appear with angina or pharyngitis, a doctor's examination is mandatory, as this can be a signal of a complication of the disease or another, more serious disease.

A sore throat: why, what to do and how to cure

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We will not give less advice to eat ice cream: if you do not have chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, eat it to your health. Contrary to popular belief, a cold is not provoked by being in the cold, but the risk of getting infected in crowded places is really high.

And do not forget: the virus is transmitted not only directly, by airborne droplets, but also when it enters the oral mucosa through unwashed hands. Moreover, he retains his "ability to infect" on average about two hours (in some cases, up to several days). Therefore, regular hand washing (especially during the cold season) and airing of rooms is a sure way to reduce the risk of infection.

If someone in your family is sick, they should use individual dishes, a towel, and wear and change a medical mask regularly (important: the mask is worn by a sick person, not a healthy person). Moreover, even the usual covering of the mouth with your hand when coughing and talking reduces the risk of infection of others by several times.

Influenza is the most dangerous catarrhal disease, so vaccination is the most effective way to prevent serious complications.

A sore throat: why, what to do and how to cure

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Surely this happened to you: for several days in a row you wake up with a sore throat, and after breakfast there is no trace of it. Explaining a short-term sore throat only with an infection is wrong. Therefore, before starting the fight against non-existent bacteria, make sure that your body really needs it.

Repeated sore throat may be the result of the following processes:

  1. regular inhalation of air through the mouth with problems in the nasopharynx. For example, with a curvature of the nasal septum, allergic rhinitis, hypertrophy of the turbinates and adenoids, when breathing through the nose is simply impossible. In this case, you breathe through your mouth all the time, breathing in moist air, which causes irritation of the posterior pharyngeal wall and, as a result, chronic pharyngitis;
  2. frequent inhalation of contaminated air containing dust or chemicals. This is a common problem for residents of big cities and industrial workers;
  3. smoking tobacco (due to the constant exposure to smoke with tar and chemical components of cigarettes). By the way, regular smoking of hookah can also cause such irritation;
  4. frequent consumption of strong tea (especially green), products with lots of spices and cold drinks;
  5. alcohol abuse.

    Do not forget that alcohol is an organic solvent, which means that it can have a rather strong effect on the tissues of the oropharynx;

  6. intense speech load (usually among singers, speakers, actors, lecturers and teachers);
  7. irritation of the posterior pharyngeal wall with "pairs" of gastric juice in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).


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