In most people, these signs indicate conjunctivitis - inflammation of the eyelids and superficial membranes of the eye associated with an allergy or infection (bacterial or viral) . With conjunctivitis, it is enough to wash, change the pillowcase, towel and refuse contact lenses and mascara for a day. Symptoms and discomfort should go away in a day.
If this does not happen, go to the doctor.
If photosensitivity, dark floating spots, fog in front of the eyes and decreased vision are added to conjunctivitis symptoms, you may have uveitis - vascular inflammation the shell of the eye. This condition is much more serious than conjunctivitis, so you can not delay it with a visit to the doctor.
Vessels supplying the eye with blood can suffer, for example, from type 1 or type 2 diabetes - this is called diabetic retinopathy .
If you ignore the symptoms and do not seem to the ophthalmologist in time, there is a risk of losing your eyesight.
Problems with the optic nerve most often occur after 60 years and can be associated, for example, with excessive intraocular pressure - this is called glaucoma . In young people, the optic nerve may suffer due to trauma, infections, or autoimmune diseases like multiple sclerosis.
If you don’t take measures in time and consult a doctor, you can lose your eyesight due to glaucoma.
Retinal problems usually occur after 50 years, why it is not known exactly. This may be due to heredity and lifestyle, such as smoking.
As a rule, the area of the retina begins to collapse first, which is responsible for clear vision in direct line of sight - this is called age-related macular degeneration . In this case, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible and think about changing your lifestyle - stop smoking and normalize your diet.
in young patients, detachment and rupture of the retina occurs due to eye injury, for example during sports. As a rule,
exfoliates not all of the retina
, but only its outer edge, so that its position can be restored.
If you delay with treatment, exfoliation can be exfoliated about by the greater part of the retina.
This will lead to loss of vision up to complete blindness. After any injury that affects the face or head, it is important to see a doctor as soon as possible.
The cornea may become clouded due to trauma, hereditary diseases or simply age-related changes - this is called cataract . It is impossible to prevent cataracts.
It is possible to cure only with the help of an operation during which the clouded living cornea is replaced with an artificial one. Nevertheless, with cataracts, it is very important to consult a doctor: some people who develop cataracts slowly can do without surgery.
10 important questions to the ophthalmologist about eye health
With age, our body changes - this It concerns not only the body, skin and hair, but also the eyes. Thirty-year-old people see the world differently than sixty-seventy-year-olds, but this is
variant of the norm
, and not a sign of the onset of a serious illness.
Age-related changes differ from diseases in that they develop over time in all people.
It is not necessary to treat them, and it will not work out - it is not a disease. But if changes interfere, they can always be corrected with simple life hacks.
Increases the sensitivity to glare . With age, the rays of the sun, which are reflected from snow and puddles, begin to dazzle more than in youth. To prevent this, for example, driving a car, you can buy sunglasses with anti-reflective coating.
Increased lighting requirements . As we grow older, most of us need more and more light to do household chores. To read paper books, sew or knit, an elderly person needs 3-4 times more light than a young person. A night lamp or a table lamp with a more powerful light will help.
It takes more time to adapt to the lighting change .
The older we get, the more time it takes to “rearrange” our eyes from a dark underground passage to a well-lit street. In order not to crash into anyone and not get under the car, when you exit the darkness into the light, give your eyes 30-40 seconds to get used to brighter lighting.
The sensitivity to contrast decreases. It is more difficult for an adult to notice a white pillow against a white wall than a child, especially in a photograph or picture. In life, this situation usually does not interfere.
But if you don’t like to look for a missing thing for a long time, choose bright, rather than bright, home objects - slippers, eyeglass case or phone case.
Decreases the ability to focus vision . Over the years, the eye muscles that switch focus from distant objects to near ones and vice versa gradually lose their elasticity. Therefore, people over 40 often need reading glasses.
The color sensitivity decreases.
It is more difficult for an adult to distinguish shades of the same color than a child. An older person may mix up dark blue with brown or black. There is nothing wrong with this, but in household matters, the help of another person may be required.
There are many symptoms that indicate eye problems. But do not confuse them with age-related changes.
The easiest way to identify a real vision problem is to have your ophthalmologist regularly examined. If you suddenly began to see poorly or if your eyes started to hurt, consult a doctor immediately.